World’s first baby born via womb transplant from dead donor


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Tackling The World’s Worst Smog In India, One Scooter At A Time


Delhi pollution: Air quality in the national capital falls during peak winter and a haze covers the city

As black smoke pours out of an ancient scooter that’s been pulled over, a khaki-clad New Delhi transport official issues a fine to its rider: 100 rupees, about $1.42. It’s hardly Hollywood stuff, but this is progress in a city of 20 million on the front lines of India’s battle against the world’s worst air pollution.

India’s smog-shrouded capital has become a symbol of the country’s struggle to contain a deadly haze that kills an estimated 1.1 million citizens every year. The government has pledged millions of dollars and deployed extra teams to improve enforcement of existing environmental laws that include banning farmers from burning their fields. But the sheer scale of India’s toxic skies makes progress difficult.

“It’s an uphill battle,” says Varsha Joshi, the top official for power and transportation in the Delhi government. But, she adds, “there’s a feeling that we’re doing something important.”

Between mid-October and mid-November, Joshi’s team issued roughly 16,000 fines for “visible pollution,” compared to less than 6,000 in the same period last year, and around 8,000 tickets for drivers failing to have an up-to-date pollution certificate — double last year’s figures. She also helped shut down the coal-fired Badarpur power plant on Delhi’s outskirts.

While environmental activists say Prime Minister Narendra Modi needs to take more action on air pollution, powerful bureaucrats such as Joshi are in the driver’s seat for some of India’s less-visible measures to reduce smog.

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In the rush to plant the next wheat crop, farmers in northern states burn leftover rice stubble.

But in New Delhi — a city caught between federal, state and local government responsibilities — coordination on even routine matters is slow. On Monday, the National Green Tribunal set up to rule on environmental issues fined the Delhi government $3.5 million for failing to curb pollution, according to news agency Asian News International.

Joshi’s request for 60 new cars for transport officers took 18 months to wind its way through the system, and she only ended up with 27. Her attempt to order low-floor buses for Delhi’s struggling public transit network stalled. Her follow up to procure standard-floor buses went all the way the Supreme Court after it was challenged by a disability activist. Delhi government spokesman Raghav Chadha did not respond to a call or texts for comment.

Still, Joshi says there has been progress, including a 14 percent increase since October in the number of people getting pollution control certificates for vehicles. And there is greater political will to implement policies, she says, adding she hopes India can move toward hard pollution reduction targets, something China has already done.

“We’re now stumbling, moving toward a place where we understand what’s happening, if nothing else,” Joshi says. “My sincere hope is that next year we’ll be able to talk about quantitative targets, which still hasn’t happened. Till now, we’ve just been kind of begging the lord for mercy.”

Crop Burning

Outside of the city, there’s actual fires to put out. In the rush to plant the next wheat crop, north Indian farmers burn leftover rice stubble — sending plumes of smoke into the sky that foul the air in Delhi and dozens of other cities in northern India and across the border in Pakistan.

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The central government has distributed about $85 million to the states to try and eradicate crop burning

In the nearby state of Haryana, in a field of stiff rice stalks left over from the recent harvest, a group of 20 farmers gathered in late September to watch a tractor pull a basic-looking piece of farm equipment called a Happy Seeder. The machine plants wheat through the stubble, leaving the crop residue to rot, preserving soil moisture and reducing the amount of water needed.

“There was a whole lot of stubble in my field last year, so I had to burn,” says Dharma Vir, a 55-year-old farmer. “I’m going to experiment with the Happy Seeder this year. And if there’s a better yield, a better profit, I’ll keep using it.”

Sonalika Group, India’s third-largest tractor manufacturer, organized the workshop and donated two seeders and two other pieces of farm equipment to 25 Haryana villages. Costing $2000, the seeder is too expensive for most farmers, but the government — as well as companies like Sonalika — are making the machines available at local depots and stressed farmers can earn more money by using less fertilizer and water.

“You have to make them understand the economics,” says Lopamudra Priyadarshini, who heads corporate social responsibility at Sonalika unit International Tractors Ltd. “Indians don’t learn because of what I say, they learn because of what their fellow brothers do.”

Satellite Data

The central government has distributed about $85 million to the states to try and eradicate crop burning, according to environment ministry spokesman Gaurav Khare. But satellite data shows that amount has not made a difference — this year farmers have continued to set thousands of fires.

There were 5 percent more fires this year in the peak burning season between Oct. 1 and Nov. 15 than there were last year, said research scientist Hiren Jethva of the Universities Space Research Association at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

“Apparently, the efforts and the amount dedicated to reducing the crop fires haven’t been effective,” at least according to satellite data, he said.

The central government can only do so much, Khare said. “The center cannot do everything on its own,” he says. “It’s a work in progress.”

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)





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Superman: World’s Finest for PS4, Xbox One, and PC May Be Announced at The Game Awards 2018


It appears that Superman: World’s Finest may just be the next game from Batman Arkham series developer Rocksteady. While the Warner Bros-owned studio is yet to announce a new game, a listing for Superman: World’s Finest has found its way to a game system requirements site for PC titles. While this alone means very little, it is important to note that the same site had Devil May Cry 5 listed an entire month before its official reveal. And since Warner Bros. doesn’t just publish games for PC, it’s safe to say that Superman: World’s Finest would be on PS4 and Xbox One too.

Aside from the aforementioned listing (via ResetEra), Superman: World’s Finest’s existence was set to be revealed at E3 2018 during Microsoft’s conference. Although that did not come to pass. Previous leaks suggested that the game’s antagonist would be Braniac and feature other heroes from the DC Universe as well. Apparently it would have a single-player campaign only. An oddity when you consider how most game companies try to shoe-horn multiplayer or online modes in addition to micro-transactions to make additional profits. With The Game Awards 2018 date and time being December 7 at 7:30am IST, it makes the show a likely candidate for a new game reveal. Particularly when you consider that 10 new games are slated to be announced at the event.

Keep in mind that Rocksteady has been subject to intense rumour and speculation since Batman Arkham Knight was released as to what we could expect from the studio next. In October it was speculated that we’d see it return to the Arkham series with Batman Arkham Universe that was slated for an X018 reveal which never came to pass.

It will be interesting to see if this or Superman: World’s Finest is indeed true. In a post-Spider-Man PS4 world, Batman Arkham Universe and Superman: World’s Finest would have to be really special to stay relevant.


If you’re a fan of video games, check out Transition, Gadgets 360’s gaming podcast. You can listen to it via Apple Podcasts or RSS, or just listen to this week’s episode by hitting the play button below.





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How World’s Shallowest Sea Became Flashpoint Between Russia, Ukraine


Nestled in Europe’s southeast corner is the world’s shallowest sea: the Azov. It is no more than 50 feet deep and smaller than Lake Michigan. But it’s come to bear outsize geopolitical importance because of the territories that bound it: Ukraine to the west, Russia to the east, and Russia-annexed Crimea to the south. The narrow Kerch Strait, between Crimea and mainland Russia, leads from the Azov to the Black Sea, which in turn connects to Western Europe and to Asia via the Mediterranean and the Suez Canal.

Months of brewing tensions over the use of this sea underpin the latest flare-up in the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. Here’s a quick primer to the world’s latest marine flash point.

What is the Azov’s significance?

The Azov is a lifeline for Ukraine’s industrial and agricultural east, connecting the country’s mines, fields and factories to the world. The Ukrainian port city of Mariupol and nearby Berdyansk on the sea’s western shore export regional production such as coal, metals, grain, and fertilizer. Just 60 miles up the coast, the Russian port of Taganrog is a hub for trade through Russia’s southwest. The Azov is also an important fishing ground frequented by Russian and Ukrainian boats.

Why have tensions risen?

Under a 2003 agreement, Ukraine and Russia took shared control of the Azov Sea and guaranteed each other’s ships open access to it via the Kerch Strait. But when Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, it took over both sides of the Kerch Strait – and used that control to build a bridge connecting Crimea to mainland Russia. The bridge’s relatively low height limits the kinds of ships that are able to enter the Azov Sea – putting Ukraine’s ports there at a new disadvantage, as Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty detailed in August. Citing terrorism threats against the Kerch Strait bridge, Russia has also stepped up security patrols and started detaining Ukrainian boats. Ukraine accuses Russia of militarizing the Azov Sea and harassing Ukrainian ships. Russia says it’s defending its sovereign territory and guarding the Kerch Strait bridge against legitimate threats.

What happened on Sunday?

Tensions escalated rapidly on Sunday when Russia blocked Ukrainian Navy ships from entering the strait and opened fire, injuring several Ukrainians and detaining 24 sailors. The United States called Russia’s actions a “dangerous escalation and a violation of international law.” Russia says the Ukrainian boats had illegally entered Russia’s territorial waters after ignoring the directions of the marine pilot who was supposed to guide the Ukrainian ships through the Kerch Strait.

What’s next?

After blocking all access to the Azov Sea in the immediate aftermath of Sunday’s incident, Russia has reopened the Kerch Strait to civilian ship traffic, according to Russian news reports. The 24 Ukrainian sailors remain in detention, and Russia claims they include Ukrainian intelligence service members. In Ukraine, meanwhile, President Petro Poroshenko is under pressure to take a harder line against Russia – including ripping up the 2003 agreement that provides for shared use of the Azov Sea by the two countries. Signaling that marine tensions will stay high, Ukraine on Monday night declared 30 days of martial law for 10 regions of the country – including the Azov Sea coast and the waters of the sea itself.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)





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World’s largest Mosaic: This Mumbai artist shows his love for Kohli by making his portrait with diyas


zeenews.india.com understands that your privacy is important to you and we are committed for being transparent about the technologies we use.  This cookie policy explains how and why cookies and other similar technologies may be stored on and accessed from your device when you use or visit zeenews.india.com websites that posts a link to this Policy (collectively, “the sites”). This cookie policy should be read together with our Privacy Policy.

By continuing to browse or use our sites, you agree that we can store and access cookies and other tracking technologies as described in this policy.

What are Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies?

A cookie is a small text file that can be stored on and accessed from your device when you visit one of our sites, to the extent you agree.  The other tracking technologies work similarly to cookies and place small data files on your devices or monitor your website activity to enable us to collect information about how you use our sites. This allows our sites to recognize your device from those of other users on our sites. The information provided below about cookies also applies to these other tracking technologies.


How do our sites use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies?

Zeenews.com use cookies and other technologies to store information in your web browser or on your mobile phone, tablet, computer, or other devices (collectively “devices”) that allow us to store and receive certain pieces of information whenever you use or interact with our zeenews.india.com applications and sites. Such cookies and other technologies helps us to identify you and your interests, to remember your preferences and to track use of zeenews.india.com We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to control access to certain content on our sites, protect the sites, and to process any requests that you make to us.
We also use cookies to administer our sites and for research purposes, zeenews.india.com also has contracted with third-party service providers to track and analyse statistical usage and volume information from our site users. These third-party service providers use persistent Cookies to help us improve user experience, manage our site content, and analyse how users navigate and utilize the sites.

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5G to be expected on worlds longest cross-sea bridge


हॉन्ग कॉन्ग-झुहाई-मकाओ पुल (Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao bridge) पर भविष्य में 5जी सेवा शुरू हो सकती है. अधिकारियों ने रविवार को कहा कि यह समुद्र पर बना विश्व का सबसे लंबा पुल है. समाचार एजेंसी सिन्हुआ के मुताबिक, 55 किलोमीटर लंबा यह पुल पिछले महीने खुला था, जो ग्वांगदोंग प्रांत को हॉन्ग कॉन्ग और मकाओ के साथ जोड़ता है. जीटीई कोर्प के डब्लूएलएएन कार्यालय के उपमहाप्रबंधक व पुल के नेटवर्क संचालक फांग झेंग ने कहा, “हॉन्ग कॉन्ग-झुहाई-मकाओ पुल पर अभी 4जी सेवा की अच्छी कवरेज है.”

सिग्नेचर ब्रिज के बदले AAP ने पोस्ट की नीदरलैंड की तस्वीर, BJP बोली- चोरी तो आपकी फितरत में है

उन्होंने कहा, “विशेषज्ञ व कर्मी एक जटिल निर्माण माहौल एवं पुल के लिए 4जी समाधान मुहैया करने के लिए ऑप्टिकल फाइबर की कमी जैसी समस्याओं से पार पा चुके हैं और भविष्य में इसे 5जी सेवा में उन्नत करने की तैयारी कर रहे हैं.”

दिल्ली : आम जनता के लिए आज से खुलेगा सिग्नेचर ब्रिज, भारी ट्रैफिक जाम से मिलेगी राहत
निर्माताओं के मुताबिक, विशेषज्ञों व कर्मियों ने ऑप्टिकल फाइबर के दायरे को 20 किलोमीटर तक बढ़ा दिया है, ताकि पुल पर पूरे नेटवर्क सिग्नल को सुनिश्चित किया जा सके. फांग के मुताबिक, पुल पर अब इंटरनेट का इस्तेमाल किया जा सकेगा।

(इनपुट-आईएएनएस)



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Old Master? Cave Paintings From 40,000 Years Ago Are World’s Earliest Figurative Art


The painting in Borneo, possibly depicting a native type of wild cattle. (AFP)

Tokyo, Japan: 

A painting of an animal in an Indonesian cave dates from at least 40,000 years ago, making it the world’s oldest piece of figurative art, new research has shown.

The painting in Borneo, possibly depicting a native type of wild cattle, is among thousands of artworks discovered decades ago in the remote region.

But it was only using technology called uranium series analysis that researchers have finally been able to work out just when they were painted.

The discovery adds to a growing body of evidence that cave painting did not emerge only in Europe, as was once thought.

“We can see that figurative art developed and evolved more or less at the same time in Asia and in Europe,” researcher Maxime Aubert told AFP.

In 2014, researchers dated figurative art on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi to 35,000 years ago, but some of the paintings examined by Aubert and his team in nearby Borneo were produced at least 5,000 years earlier.

Aubert, an associate professor at Australia’s Griffith University, worked with a team in remote and inaccessible caves in the East Kalimantan area of Borneo to date the paintings.

The team, whose research was published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, looked at multiple layers of artwork painted on top of each other.

The bottom-most and oldest layer featured paintings of animals, mostly a local type of cattle, as well as hand stencils in a reddish colour.

On top of those artworks were hand stencils in a mulberry colour grouped in patterns and embellished with lines and dots, as well as small stick-like human figures in the same colour.

The final layer featured people, boats and geometric designs.

‘An intimate window’

Aubert and his team employed a technique called uranium series dating, which involves analysing layers of the mineral calcite that formed on top of the painting over the years, as well as the material underneath the art.

They removed samples smaller than one centimetre (half an inch) across from the artworks and found one painting of an animal had been produced at least 40,000 years ago, and possibly nearly 52,000 years ago.

“To our knowledge, the large animal painting… is the oldest figurative rock art image in the world,” the team’s study said.

The painting is in fact one of the earliest-known representations of any kind of an animal, dating from a similar period to mammoth-ivory figurines found in Germany, the study added.

For many years, cave art was thought to have emerged from Europe, where famed pieces have been discovered and dated in Spain, Italy and France.

But the Indonesian paintings challenge that theory.

“It now seems that two early cave art provinces arose at a similar time in remote corners of Palaeolithic Eurasia: one in Europe and one in Indonesia, at the opposite end of this ice age world,” said Adam Brum, an archeologist involved in the study, in a press release issued by Griffith University.

The second layer of artwork dates to around 20,000 years ago, and suggests an interesting evolution in the artwork of the era.

“Around 20,000 years ago, painting becomes of the human world, not the animal world. We see the same thing in Europe at more or less the same time,” Aubert told AFP.

He plans to carry out further testing of other artwork in Indonesia, as well as pieces in Australia, and said he felt a personal connection to the past when examining the paintings.

“It’s amazing to see that. It’s an intimate window into the past.”

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)





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Plans For World’s Largest Ocean Sanctuary In Antarctic Blocked


Antarctica is home to penguins, seals, toothfish, whales and krill, a staple food for many species.(File)

Sydney: 

A plan to create the world’s largest marine sanctuary in Antarctic waters was shot down when a key conservation summit failed to reach a consensus, with environmentalists on Saturday decrying a lack of scientific foresight.

Member states of the organisation tasked with overseeing the sustainable exploitation of the Southern Ocean failed at an annual meeting Friday to agree over the a 1.8 million square kilometre (1.1 million square miles) maritime protection zone.

The proposed sanctuary — some five times the size of Germany — would ban fishing in a vast area in the Weddell sea, protecting key species including seals, penguins and whales.

Consensus is needed from all 24 members of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) and the European Union.

But environmental groups say Russia and China — whose concerns over compliance issues and fishing rights have proved key stumbling blocks in the past — along with Norway, played a part in rejecting the plan.

“This was an historic opportunity to create the largest protected area on Earth in the Antarctic: safeguarding wildlife, tackling climate change and improving the health of our global oceans,” Greenpeace’s Frida Bengtsson said in a statement on Saturday.

“Twenty-two delegations came here to negotiate in good faith but, instead, serious scientific proposals for urgent marine protection were derailed by interventions which barely engaged with the science and made a mockery of any pretence of real deliberation.”

Antarctica is home to penguins, seals, toothfish, whales and huge numbers of krill, a staple food for many species.

They are considered critical for scientists to study how marine ecosystems function and to understand the impacts of climate change on the ocean.

Plans were set out in 2009 to establish a series of marine protected area (MPAs) in the Southern Ocean allowing marine life to migrate between areas for breeding and foraging, but it has been slow going.

The CCAMLR summit, held in each year in Hobart, Australia, was able in 2016 to establish a massive US and New Zealand-backed MPA around the Ross Sea covering an area roughly the size of Britain, Germany and France combined.

As well as the huge Weddell Sea sanctuary, proposals to estbalish two further MPAs in East Antarctica and the Western Antarctic Peninsula were also dashed this year. Together, the three zones would cover close to three million square kilometres.

Andrea Kavanagh, head of The Pew Charitable Trusts’ Antarctic and Southern Ocean work, described the failure to achieve an MPA designation as “discouraging”.

“Without an East Antarctic MPA, critical foraging grounds for emperor and Adelie penguins, toothfish, and many other species will not be safeguarded,” she said in a statement.

The CCAMLR released a statement saying the new MPAs were the “su

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)





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Gujarat : PM Narendra Modi to unveil Sardar Patel’s world’s highest statue Statue of Unity


नई दिल्‍ली/अहमदाबाद: लौह पुरुष सरदार वल्लभभाई पटेल की आज 143वीं जयंती पर उनकी नवनिर्मित 182 मीटर ऊंची विशाल प्रतिमा ‘स्टेच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी’ का अनावरण प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी गुजरात के केवडि़या में सुबह 10 बजे करेंगे. दुनिया की सबसे ऊंची प्रतिमा यह प्रतिमा ‘स्टेच्यू ऑफ लिबर्टी’ से दोगुनी ऊंची है. यह नर्मदा जिले में सरदार सरोवर बांध के पास साधु बेट टापू पर बनाई गई है. पीएम मोदी द्वारा प्रतिमा के अनावरण के बाद भारतीय वायुसेना के तीन विमान वहां उड़ान भरेंगे और भगवा, सफेद तथा हरे रंग से आसमान में तिरंगा उकेरेंगे.

पीएम ‘वॉल ऑफ यूनिटी’ का भी उद्घाटन करेंगे
प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी सरदार पटेल की प्रतिमा के पास ‘वॉल ऑफ यूनिटी’ का भी उद्घाटन करेंगे. इस दौरान 3 जगुआर लड़ाकू विमान काफी नीचे से उड़ान भरते हुए जाएंगे. ‘वॉल ऑफ यूनिटी’ का उद्घाटन करने के बाद पीएम मोदी सरदार पटेल को पुष्पांजलि अर्पित करेंगे, क्‍योंकि आज उनकी जयंती भी है. इसी दौरान दो एमआई-17 हेलीकॉप्टर प्रतिमा पर पुष्पवर्षा करेंगे.

ये भी पढ़ें- VIDEO: ‘स्टेच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी’ के अनावरण से पहले हुआ शानदार लेजर शो

सांस्कृतिक और संगीत कार्यक्रमों की प्रस्तुति होगी
इस अवसर पर गुजरात पुलिस, सशस्त्र और अर्द्धसैनिक बलों के बैंड सांस्कृतिक और संगीत कार्यक्रमों की प्रस्तुति देंगे. इस मौके पर 29 राज्यों और दो केंद्रशासित प्रदेशों के कलाकार नृत्य और संगीत की प्रस्तुति देंगे. इस दौरान कई आकर्षण होंगे, जिनमें 17 किलोमीटर लंबी फूलों की घाटी का उद्घाटन, प्रतिमा के पास पर्यटकों के लिए तंबुओं के शहर और पटेल के जीवन पर आधारित संग्रहालय का लोकार्पण भी शामिल है. प्रतिमा के अंदर 135 मीटर की ऊंचाई पर एक दर्शक दीर्घा बनाई गई है, जिससे पर्यटक बांध और पास की पर्वत श्रृंखला का दीदार कर सकेंगे.

स्टैच्यू ऑफ लिबर्टी से लगभग दोगुना बड़ी है पटेल की प्रतिमा
182 मीटर ऊंची यह विशाल प्रतिमा देश के पहले गृह मंत्री को श्रद्धांजलि होगी, जिन्होंने 1947 के विभाजन के बाद राजाओं-नवाबों के कब्जे वाली रियासतों को भारत संघ में मिलाने में अहम योगदान दिया था. यह प्रतिमा मौजूदा समय में विश्व की सबसे ऊंची प्रतिमा चीन के स्प्रिंग टेम्पल ऑफ बुद्ध से भी 29 मीटर ऊंची है. चीन की प्रतिमा की ऊंचाई 153 मीटर है. सरदार पटेल की प्रतिमा न्यूयॉर्क स्थित 93 मीटर ऊंची स्टैच्यू ऑफ लिबर्टी से लगभग दोगुना बड़ी है. बताया जा रहा है कि इसकी गैलरी में एक समय में करीब 200 पर्यटकों को समायोजित किया जा सकता है. यहां से सरदार सरोवर बांध और सतपुड़ा व विंध्य की पर्वत श्रृंखला तथा अन्य जगहों का दीदार किया जा सकेगा. 

दुनिया की सबसे ऊंची मूर्ति
विंध्याचल व सतपुड़ा की पहाड़ियों के बीच नर्मदा नदी के साधु बेट टापू पर बनी दुनिया की सबसे ऊंची इस मूर्ति को बनाने में करीब 2389 करोड़ रुपये खर्च हुए हैं. राज्य सरकार के एक अधिकारी ने कहा कि स्टैच्यू ऑफ यूनिटी से राज्य के पर्यटन विभाग को बहुत फायदा होगा. इसके बनने से प्रतिदिन करीब 15000 पर्यटक के यहां आने की संभावना है और इससे गुजरात देश का सबसे व्यस्त पर्यटक स्थल बन सकता है. इसमें दो हाई स्पीड लिफ्ट भी होंगी जिससे एक समय में करीब 40 लोग गैलरी तक जा सकते हैं. यहां एक संग्रहालय में सरदार पटेल के जीवन से जुड़ी घटनाओं पर लाइट एंड साउंड शो भी होगा. 

प्रतिमा निर्माण का विरोध भी हो रहा है 
नर्मदा जिले के कुछ आदिवासी समूहों ने प्रतिमा निर्माण का विरोध किया था. इस बीच स्थानीय आदिवासी नेताओं ने बुधवार के आयोजन का बहिष्कार करने की घोषणा की है और दावा किया कि इस परियोजना से प्राकृतिक संसाधनों को बड़े स्तर पर नुकसान पहुंचेगा. पीएम मोदी को संबोधित पत्र में नर्मदा नदी पर सरदार सरोवर बांध के पास स्थित 22 गांवों के सरपंचों ने कहा कि जब प्रधानमंत्री समारोह के लिए पहुंचेंगे तो ग्रामीण उनका स्वागत नहीं करेंगे. पत्र में अहमदाबाद से करीब 200 किलोमीटर दूर स्थित नर्मदा जिले के गांवों के सरपंचों के दस्तखत हैं.





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Sikkim becomes World’s FIRST 100% ORGANIC state


नई दिल्ली/न्यूयॉर्क : नॉर्थ ईस्ट के छोटे से राज्य सिक्किम ने दुनिया के मंच पर भारत का सिर ऊंचा कर दिया है. कामयाबी की किताब में उसने एक और पन्ना जोड़ दिया. आज जब पूरी दुनिया खाद्य पदार्थों में कैमिकल के बढ़ते प्रयोग से परेशान है, ऐसे में 6 लाख 10 हजार की आबादी वाला ये छोटा सा राज्य दुनिया का पहला 100 फीसदी ऑर्गेनिक स्टेट बन गया है. 16 मई 1975 को भारतीय गणराज्य में जुड़े इस राज्य में पिछले 25 साल से पवन चामलिंग की सिक्किम डेमोक्रेटिक फ्रंट का शासन है. 2016 में पीएम मोदी ने सिक्किम को देश का पहला ऑर्गेनिक स्टेट घोषित किया था.

गुरुवार को खाद्य एवं कृषि संगठन (एफएओ) ने कृषि तंत्र और सतत खाद्य प्रणालियों को बढ़ावा देने के लिए सिक्कम को ‘सर्वश्रेष्ठ नीतियों का ऑस्कर’ पुरस्कार दिया है. सिक्कम भारत का पहला ऐसा राज्य है जहां ‘‘पूर्णत: यानि 100 प्रतिशत जैविक कृषि’’ की जाती है. एक बयान के मुताबिक पूर्वोत्तर के इस राज्य ने 25 देशों की 51 नामित नीतियों को पीछे छोड़ते हुए पुरस्कार जीता. ब्राजील, डेनमार्क और क्विटो (इक्वाडोर) ने रजत पुरस्कार जीते.

संयुक्त राष्ट्र के खाद्य एवं कृषि संगठन (एफएओ), वर्ल्ड फ्यूचर काउंसिल (डब्ल्यूएफसी) और गैर लाभकारी संगठन आईएफओएएम- ऑर्गेनिक इंटरनेशनल मिलकर यह पुरस्कार देते हैं. सिक्किम लंबे समय तक मिट्टी की उर्वरता बनाए रखने, पर्यावरण एवं पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र के संरक्षण, स्वस्थ जीवन और हृदय संबंधी बीमारियों के बढ़ते खतरे को कम करने के मकसद से 2003 में जैविक कृषि अपनाने की आधिकारिक रूप से घोषणा करने वाला देश का पहला राज्य बन गया था.

अब ये हैं सबसे लंबे समय तक राज करने वाले CM, क्या नाम जानना चाहेंगे आप

पवन चामलिंग का जैविक कृषि अधिक प्रचलित करने का आह्वान
रोम : सिक्किम के मुख्यमंत्री पवन चामलिंग ने सोमवार को जैविक कृषि को और ज्यादा लोकप्रिय बनाने की अपील की जैसा कि उनके राज्य में किया जा चुका है. चामलिंग ने इतालवी संसद के एक कक्ष में एक संवाददाता सम्मेलन में कहा कि सिक्किम को रासायनिक उर्वरकों का इस्तेमाल खत्म कर पूरी तरह जैविक कृषि अपनाने में एक दशक से ज्यादा समय लगा.

उन्होंने कहा, ‘मैं यहां बुलाए जाने को लेकर सबका आभारी हूं. मैं कोई वैज्ञानिक या शोधकर्ता नहीं हूं. मैं बस एक नेता हूं, जिसने रासायनिक उर्वरकों का इस्तेमाल करने वाले राज्य को पूरी तरह जैविक कृषि अपनाने वाले राज्य में बदलने के अभियान का नेतृत्व किया है.’  मुख्यमंत्री ने कहा, ‘अपने पुराने अनुभव और जैविक कृषि संबंधी पहल के साथ अपने जुड़ाव के आधार पर मैं आपसे विश्वास के साथ कह सकता हूं कि दुनियाभर में पूर्णत: जैविक कृषि संभव है. अगर हम सिक्किम में ऐसा कर सकते हैं तो ऐसा कोई कारण नहीं है कि दुनिया में दूसरी जगहों पर नीति नियंता, किसान और सामुदायिक नेता ऐसा नहीं कर सकते.’





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