CIA Sought “Truth Serum” To Force September 11 Attack Suspects To Talk

CIA sought waterboarding and other torture techniques after September 11 attacks, documents reveal.


CIA interrogators sought a truth serum to use on Al-Qaeda prisoners in addition to waterboarding and other torture techniques after the September 11, 2001 attacks, according to formerly top secret documents released Tuesday.

Desperate to get information about possible future attacks from Abu Zubaydah, who was believed to have helped plot the 9/11 attacks, interrogators reached back decades to the agency’s 1950s experiments with mind-altering drugs like LSD and also to Russian testing of alleged truth serums in the 1980s.

In “Project Medication,” the CIA doctors weighed barbiturates like sodium amytal and psychotomimetics, which create symptoms of psychosis. They were particularly interested in a drug trade-named Versed, or midazolam, a sedative that can cause loss of memory while in effect.

The idea came to officials of the CIA’s Office of Medical Services (OMS) amid frustration that Abu Zubaydah “showed remarkable resilience” despite being put through vicious treatment, including stress positions and sleep deprivation.

“The intensity and duration of AZ’s interrogation came as a surprise to OMS and prompted further study of the seemingly more benign alternative of drug-based interviews,” said the report.

But they found an absolute lack of historical evidence that drugs could induce a subject to give up information. 

“No such magic brew as the popular notion of truth serum exists,” said a 1961 intelligence review.

“It seems likely that any individual who can withstand ordinary intensive interrogation can hold out in narcosis,” it said.

Still, the interrogators considered the drugs could trick a prisoner into thinking that he had done so.

“Such drugs, although widely regarded as unreliable sources of ‘truth,’ were believed potentially useful as an ‘excuse’ that would allow the subject to be more forthcoming while still saving face,” the interrogators reasoned.

But they faced a prohibition on agency medical research on prisoners that came after  the agency’s 1950s MKULTRA program in which mind-altering drugs were tested on humans. One man who was secretly given LSD in that program subsequently committed suicide.

After having stretched legal limits to get permission to use torture techniques on prisoners, the CIA’s legal office “did not want to raise another issue with the Department of Justice,” the report said.

The 90 page report on the OMS record in post 9/11 interrogations was released after a court battle led by the American Civil Liberties Union.

The ACLU said the entire report showed how medical doctors were critical to the torture program and helped legitimize it.

“One of the most important lessons of the CIA’s torture program is the way it corrupted virtually every individual and institution associated with it,” said ACLU attorney Dror Ladin.

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Foxconn’s September Revenue Jumps, Buoys Hopes for Solid Sales at Apple

Taiwan’s Foxconn, a key Apple supplier, reported a 30 percent jump in September revenue on Thursday, boosting expectations for solid product sales for the American tech giant even as US-China trade war escalates.

Apple’s products, largely manufactured in China, have so far been spared from US import tariffs, but it could be put in the crosshairs of the escalating trade dispute as Washington has threatened to expand the tariffs to almost all goods from China including iPhones.

Foxconn, formally known as Hon Hai Precision Industry Co, said in a stock exchange filing that revenue rose 30 percent to TWD 584.93 billion ($18.8 billion) in September, extending a streak of double-digit growth since May.

The strong monthly result, its second best ever, brings Foxconn’s both nine-month and third-quarter revenues to record highs, a company official told reporters.

“This time, the three biggest product lines in terms of month-on-month and annual increase comes in this order: consumer, computing, and communications,” the official said, without elaborating what the categories consist of.

Caught in the middle of the intensifying trade dispute, the world’s largest contract electronics manufacturer warned in June that the spat between China and the United States was the biggest challenge it was facing.

China is a major production base for Foxconn, while the United States is a key market for the manufacturer.

Shares in Foxconn closed down 6.9 percent on Thursday, versus a 6.3 percent drop in the wider market that came under pressure after Wall Street faced its worst drubbing in eight months overnight.

Last month Apple introduced its largest-ever iPhone and a watch that detects heart problems in an attempt to get customers to upgrade to more expensive devices amid stagnant global demand for smartphones. It reports the September quarter results on November 1.

© Thomson Reuters 2018

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Tata Motors Group Records 6 Per Cent Growth In September 2018

While the commercial vehicle business is nurturing, JLR continues to be under pressure due to several headwinds in the European and Asian region.

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Global wholesale at Tata Motors passenger vehicle division were down by 4 per cent at 71,559 units.

Tata Motors has sold 123,577 units of vehicles globally in September 2018 witnessing a growth of 6 per cent. The sales numbers include Tata Motors passenger vehicles, Tata Motors commercial vehicles and Jaguar Land Rover. Global wholesale at Tata Motors passenger vehicle division were down by 4 per cent at 71,559 units while the commercial vehicle division sales grew by 25 per cent selling 52,018 units. Sales of Jaguar Land Rover in the same month stood at 52,987 units which include 4853 units of Chery Jaguar Land Rover (CJLR), JLR’s China joint venture. Precisely, 18,876 units of Jaguar were sold and Land Rover sales stood at 34,111 units.


Also Read: Tata Motors Announce Discounts On Cars Ahead of the Festive Season

Tata Motors commercial vehicle sales got a short in the arm since the company announced its turnaround plan to undertake extensive cost reduction measures and channelized the money towards customer support and incentivizing the sales. Tata Motors says that they have service touch-points for commercial vehicles at every 50 kilometres across the stretch of Indian Highways. The company has also appointed servicemen, whom it calls ‘Yodhas’ and ‘Dronas’. The former are appointed to provide road-side assistance service to truckers while the latter assist the truck drivers in case of any ongoing issue with the vehicle like low fuel economy or under performance is reported.

The passenger vehicle division on the other hand got a fillip with the launch of new generation Tata cars, specially Tiago and the Nexon. However, later the sales started tapering which Tata Motors expects to balance with the upcoming launches. The company is launching the Tigor facelift today and the much anticipated Tata Harrier is expected to go on sale in January 2019.


Jaguar Land Rover which was once the cash cow for Tata Motors is now denting its business. The British luxury carmaker is bearing the brunt of BREXIT further coupled with currency volatility in the Asian region. Political instability in European Union has taken a toll on JLR’s Europe business which is its largest market. Moreover, the China business which was nurturing is also under turmoil due to change in policy reforms after the US trade war.

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New Emissions Tests Slash German Car Sales In September

New registrations were down 30.5 percent year-on-year last month, at 200,134 units, the KBA transport authority said.

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September slump comes after a surge in August, as carmakers scrambled to bring older models onto the road

Sales of new cars in Germany plunged in September, official data showed Tuesday, as updated EU emissions tests turned into a bottleneck for many manufacturers.

New registrations were down 30.5 percent year-on-year last month, at 200,134 units, the KBA transport authority said.

But the September slump comes after a surge in August, as carmakers scrambled to bring older models onto the road before the new testing regime, known as WLTP, came into force.

Introduced in the wake of Volkswagen’s “dieselgate” scandal, in which millions of diesel-fuelled cars worldwide were fitted with software to cheat lab-based tests, the new scheme aims to better reflect emissions in real on-road driving.

The disruption led to some upsets in the monthly figures.

As it struggled to get cars over the hurdle, Volkswagen’s market share for September fell to just 10.1 percent — compared with 19.1 percent for the year to date.

It was overtaken by high-end manufacturers BMW with 12.3 percent and Mercedes at 11.2 percent.

Even Peugeot-owned Opel — a historic German brand that usually appears as an also-ran in the home market — outpaced VW, with 10.2 percent of sales.

Meanwhile even with many fewer cars sold, diesel’s market share continued to shrink, notching up just 29.3 percent of registrations compared with 64.3 percent for petrol.

Earlier Tuesday, ministers presented a plan aiming to avoid exclusion zones for older diesels in Germany’s most polluted cities.


Politicians are counting on industry funded trade-in schemes for newer models and refits to dated exhaust systems to restore public confidence in the technology.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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Nokia 6.1 Plus, Nokia 3 Receiving September Android Security Update in India: Report

The Nokia 6.1 Plus mid-range smartphone as well as the Nokia 3 budget handset are reportedly receiving the Android security update for the month of September. The update will not be a surprise to the users of either handset as Nokia brand licensee HMD Global has been rather prompt in pushing out software updates for its smartphones. The changelog for the Nokia 6.1 Plus and Nokia 3 updates states that it only brings with it the September Android security update. The Nokia 6.1 Plus is priced in India at Rs. 15,999 and will be available via a flash sale tomorrow. Nokia 3 is a more affordable model and costs about Rs. 8,000.

The software updates for the two models are reportedly being pushed over the air, though users who have not received a notification in this regard can go to Settings to check for it. According to screenshots shared by NokiaPowerUser, the Nokia 6.1 Plus update is 71.8MB in size, while the Nokia 3 update measures 84.8MB. The report also claims that the smaller of the two models is receiving the update in Sri Lanka as well as Kurdistan, while only India is mentioned for the bigger model. However, it is not known whether other regions are receiving the same update or not.

The Nokia 6.1 Plus is a rival to the popular Xiaomi Redmi Note 5 Pro smartphone, and packs the same Snapdragon 636 processor. Its key specifications include the 5.8-inch full-HD+ (1080×2280-pixel) display, stock Android 8.1 Oreo software, 4GB of RAM, 64GB of internal storage, and support for microSD card of up to 400GB capacity. Powered by a 3,060mAh battery, the smartphone supports 5V/ 2A fast-charging technology. It has a 16-megapixel + 5-megapixel dual camera setup on the back, and the selfie camera has a 16-megapixel sensor with f/2.0 aperture.

Nokia 6.1 Plus Review


Nokia 3, which was released in India last year and received the Android 8.0 Oreo update in April this year, has a 5-inch HD display, Android 7.0 Nougat, 1.3GHz quad-core MediaTek 6737 SoC, and 2GB of RAM. It comes with 16GB of inbuilt storage, which is expandable up to 128GB via microSD card support. Optics include an 8-megapixel camera on both the front and back, and battery capacity is 2,650mAh.

Nokia 3 Review

Are Nokia 6.1 Plus and Nokia 5.1 Plus the best Android phones from HMD Global? We discussed this on Orbital, our weekly technology podcast, which you can subscribe to via Apple Podcasts or RSS, download the episode, or just hit the play button below.

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Two More Lions Die At Gir Sanctuary In Gujarat, 23 Since September

Chief Minister Vijay Rupani termed the deaths as “very unfortunate”. (Representational)


Two more lions, shifted to a rescue centre during a screening drive in Gujarat’s Gir Sanctuary, died Tuesday, taking the number of lion deaths to 23 since September 12, an official said.

“Two lions, rescued earlier, died today morning due to infection,” said Additional Chief Secretary of the Forest Department Rajiv Kumar Gupta.

Eleven lions had died in the forest due to reasons such as infighting and infections between September 12 and 19, while 10 more died between September 20 and 30 after they were shifted to a rescue centre.

With the latest deaths, the number of lions that have died since September 12 has reached 23, Mr Gupta said.

Chief Minister Vijay Rupani termed the deaths as “very unfortunate”.

“It was a very unfortunate incident. 20-22 lions inhibiting in one forest range have died due to infection. To make sure that other lions are alright, we have called in doctors from Delhi and Pune to examine them,” Mr Rupani told reporters in Porbandar Tuesday.

“We are also probing whether the officers who have the responsibility of that range have shown carelessness,” he said.

The forest department had said Monday that four of the dead lions were found to have a virus infection, while another six were infected with a Protozoa-class organism carried by ticks.

All these lions lived in Sarasiya area of the Dalkhania range of Gir Sanctuary, officials said.

The department launched a screening operation in the range to identify sick lions following the death of 11 lions between September 11 and 19.

However, 12 sick lions, which were caught and shifted to a rescue centre, have died since then.

The virus found in the carcasses of these animals has not yet been idenitifed, as per the officials. 

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Car Sales September 2018: Toyota Kirloskar Domestic Sales Grow By 1.42 Per Cent In September 2018

Toyota’s export slumped by 57.85 per cent at 566 units last month compared to 1343 units it exported in September last year.

Toyota Kirloskar Motor has witnessed a decline of 4.38 per cent in September 2018 selling 13,078 units compared to 13,678 units in the same month last year. The slump in the volume is attributed to weakened export demand due to currency volatility. The Japanese carmaker’s domestic sales, however, grew by 1.42 per cent. The company sold 12,512 units in September, 2018 against 12,335 units sold in the same month last year. Toyota’s export slumped by 57.85 per cent at 566 units last month compared to 1343 units it exported in September last year.

The Innova Crysta and Fortuner has remained a steady performer for Toyota. The sales of Toyota’s passenger cars were lingering for quite some time but got a shot in the arm with arrival of the recently launched Yaris. To top it all, Toyota has also claimed that the Etios Liva sales went up by 10 per cent during the April-September 2018 period this year as the Dual Tone Etios Liva Limited Edition was well received in the market.

Commenting on the sales, N. Raja, Deputy Managing Director, Toyota Kirloskar Motors said, “We have recently launched the enhanced version of Innova Crysta and Fortuner which has received good response from customers. The recently launched Dual Tone Liva Limited Edition has been appreciated by customers across markets in India. Customer demand in the auto industry has temporarily dampened owing to rising fuel prices, floods in different parts of the country and impact of currency weakness. However, we are confident that the buying sentiments will improve in the festive season with a strong customer demand.”



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Car Sales September 2018: Ford India Registers Total Growth Of 17 Per Cent

Despite a 17 per cent growth in total sales, Ford India’s domestic wholesales for the month of September 2018 dropped by 6 per cent, to 8,239 vehicles.

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Ford India’s cumulative sales went up to 19,988 vehicles, registering a growth of over 17 per cent

Ford India has released its sales results for the month of September 2018, and the company’s cumulative sales went up to 19,988 vehicles, registering a growth of over 17 per cent. In comparison, the carmaker sold 16,525 vehicles in September 2017. However, Ford India‘s domestic wholesales for the month of September 2018 dropped by 6 per cent, to 8,239 vehicles, compared to the 8,769 units sold during the same month last year. In fact, last month’s wholesales also included the soon-to-be-launched Ford Aspire. Exports, on the other hand, grew by almost 34 per cent to 11,739 vehicles compared to 7,756 units in September 2017.


Anurag Mehrotra, president & managing director, Ford India, said, “The festival season has started on a lower than expected note, owing to floods in Kerala, rising fuel prices and Rupee depreciation, the industry is looking forward to closing the festive season on a higher note.”


Talking about the soon-to-be-launched Aspire facelift, Mehrotra said, “At Ford, we are excited to bring the New Ford Aspire on October 4 and look forward to welcoming customers at our dealerships.” The company says that upcoming Ford Aspire is tailor-made for customers who don’t follow the crowd and celebrated for the choices they make in life.

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Two-Wheeler Sales September 2018: Suzuki Registers Growth Of 25.52 Per Cent

Suzuki Motorcycle India registered double-digit growth in September 2018 with a total of 72,134 units sold last month, as against 57,468 units sold during the same period last year.

Suzuki Motorcycle India continues its strong momentum in the market registering a double digit growth in September 2018. The two-wheeler maker sold 72,134 units (domestic + exports) last month, witnessing a healthy increase of 25.52 per cent over 57,468 units sold during September 2017. The company’s strong volumes are back by products like the Gixxer and Access offerings, while new products like the Intruder and the Burgman Street 125 have also contributed to the volumes.


Commenting on the performance, Suzuki Motorcycle India – Managing Director, Satoshi Uchida said, “We are looking forward to the festive season and are confident of taking this growth trajectory forward. A decent monsoon season and recent launches have garnered a great response for our products and further strengthen customer trust on the brand. We are sure that new launches ahead of the celebrations will take us ahead in the next quarter as well.”



With respect to year-on-year growth, Suzuki India’s domestic sales for September 2018 stood at 63,140 units, growing by 4.27 per cent over 50,808 units sold during the same period last year. The company’s year-to-date sales between April and September 2018 stand at 371,109 units, and the company is aiming to hit the target of seven lakh units by the end of this financial year 2018-19.


September 2018, also saw the two-wheeler maker introduce the Suzuki Intruder Special Edition, for the festive season. The company has also announced a new campaign for the Suzuki Access 125 with the buying sentiment set to increase as the festive season approaches. The two-wheeler maker is now gearing up to introduce the V-Strom 650 adventure motorcycle that will arrive later this month.

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Two-Wheeler Sales September 2018: Hero MotoCorp Sets Global Record With Over 7.5 Lakh Units Sold In A Month

Hero MotoCorp set a world record retailing 769,138 units in September 2018, the highest ever in a single month for any manufacturer.

Hero MotoCorp has become the first two-wheeler maker in the world to sell over 7.5 lakh units in a single month. The Indian two-wheeler giant sold 769,138 units in September 2018. That’s about 25,637 units every day. The massive growth is backed the company’s range of commuter motorcycles and scooters across the 100-200 cc segment. This is for the fifth time Hero has managed to cross the seven lakh sales mark in a month, three of which were in this financial year 2018-19.


On a year-on-year basis, Hero MotoCorp’s volumes increased by 6.7 per cent in September this year, over 720,729 scooters and motorcycles that were sold in the month of September 2017. Hero’s year-to-date sales between April and September 2018 stand at 4.2 million units, and the company is aiming to set a new benchmark for monthly sales with the festive season in the following months.


The previous month also saw the manufacturer commence pan India sale of its new flagship motorcycle – Hero Xtreme 200R. The manufacturer is betting big on the festive season to push its volumes further and the company has also roped in Indian cricketer Virat Kohli as its new brand ambassador.


Hero has saved three new products for the last quarter of the calendar year, all of which were showcased at the Auto Expo 2018. The company will be introducing the Hero Duet (Destini) and Maestro 125 cc scooters next year, while the much talked about Hero XPulse 200R is also slated for launch towards the end of the year.

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