Olive Oil For Massage: Heres How This Wonder Oil May Benefit Your Hair And Skin


  • Olive oil is used in wide variety of culinary preparations
  • The healthful properties of olive oil are aplenty
  • The fat obtained after crushing olives is what is termed as olive oil

Olive oil is creating a storm in kitchens across the world. Not only is it being used in wide number of culinary preparations across various cuisines, but its healthful properties are being talked about by various health enthusiasts. The fat that is obtained after crushing olives is what is termed as olive oil. It complements a lot with delights like salads and pastas and is quite enjoyed for its pungent flavour. The numerous benefits that it comes with is not only when it is consumed in dishes etc., but it is also when applied topically on skin and hair. In a lot of homemade massage treatments, olive oil is used as a common base, and it is then combined with various essential oils.

Here’s how olive oil massage for hair can benefit you:

Improves Hair Quality

If you happen to be one of those who is always in quest for remedies for dandruff and itchy scalp, then this wonder oil is definitely for you. A good hair massage with olive oil may help keep dry and flaky scalp at bay. Dry and flaky scalp can turn out to be quite annoying and embarrassing as dry scalp often results in dandruff. Olive oil massage works by moisturising and conditioning the dry scalp and hair. A good massage can retain the moisture that our hair needs to grow and sustain. You can use this easy home remedy in the comforts of your home by just using few basic ingredients. Use olive oil as a base component and combine it with essential oil of your choice. Mix both the ingredients well and using your fingertips; massage the oil into your scalp, but in circular motion. The hair massage will not only benefit your hair, but will also give you a soothing and relaxed feeling. Allow this mixture to stay for around 15 minutes and wash it off using a mild shampoo. This olive oil massage may help retain the lost sheen of your tresses.

May Relieve Pain And Swelling

As per Ayurveda, olive oil is quite often used in India for medicinal purposes. Olive oil massage is used as therapy and is known to provide relief from inflammation, swelling, aches and muscle spasms. A lot of people suffer from the problem of frequent muscle sprains and cramps. Though medication can come to great help, but a massage therapy could possibly provide quick relief from the painful condition. Various pain killers may provide you with temporary relief; however, the proper nourishing would only be possible with the help of a good massage. If you have a problem with the strong and pungent aroma of olive oil, then you can mix it with some aromatic essential oil of your choice. In order to get efficient results, one must pair the olive oil massage with yoga exercises for joints.

Keeps Dry Skin At Bay

Winter is here and along with it comes the problem of dry and flaky skin. The harsh weather can take a toll on your skin health to a great extent. So, in order to cope with it, it is essential to follow a skin care regime that can provide you with effective results. One such natural home remedy that may do wonders for your skin health is olive oil massage. The benefits of olive oil massage on skin are aplenty. Not only does it help in keeping dry skin at bay, but also nourishes the skin from within, giving you a soft and supple skin. If you wish to make the most of this home remedy, you can also mix olive oil with vitamin E oil, which is again a perfect ingredient for skin care. While massaging, an addition of vitamin E capsule in olive oil could provide with great results.

So, what are you waiting for? Bring olive oil to your rescue and make it a part of you winter skin care rituals. If you know of more such ways of including olive oil in beauty care regime, do let us know in the comments section below.

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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AMU Denies Allegations Vegetarian Food Made In Oil For Meat Dishes

Aligarh Muslim University said “fresh cooking oil” was used to prepare vegetarian food


A controversy erupted at Aligarh Muslim University today after a group of vegetarian students alleged that they were served food cooked in oil used to prepare non-vegetarian dishes, a charge denied by the university.

Students at Sir Syed Hall (North), in a letter to the vice chancellor, alleged that they were served vegetarian food cooked in the same oil in which non-vegetarian meals had been made. They demanded action against the provost for alleged negligence.

Bhartiya Yuva Morcha’s city unit chief Nikhil Maheshwari on Sunday said the incident was a “deliberate ploy” to hurt the sentiments of Hindus. A complaint was also filed with a local police station.

The university authorities denied the allegations. AMU spokesman Shafey Kidwai said preliminary inquiries conducted by the provost found that the allegation was “completely baseless”.

He said respect for religious sentiments of all students was the hallmark of the university’s secular traditions from the time of its foundation.

Mr Kidwai said four members of the cooking staff have confirmed to the university that “fresh cooking oil released by the kitchen stock was used for cooking the entire vegetarian meal”.

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Donald Trump Celebrates Low Oil Prices, Tweeting Thank You To Saudi Arabia

Donald Trump tweeted “Thank you to Saudi Arabia, but let’s go lower!”. (File)


The swift and steep drop in oil prices has been the talk of Wall Street for several weeks and is good news for 30 million American travelers as they head into a busy Thanksgiving holiday.

But the dramatic decline cuts both ways, with several energy firms big and small seeing their stock prices fall even as President Donald Trump cheers the lowest oil prices in more than a year.

On Wednesday morning, the president tweeted:

“Oil prices getting lower. Great! Like a big Tax Cut for America and the World. Enjoy! $54, was just $82. Thank you to Saudi Arabia, but let’s go lower!”

“He’s a piece of work,” said Nancy Tengler, chief investment officer at Heartland Financial. “It’s all supply, that is the issue. The U.S. is producing 11.5 million barrels a day. We are largest producer in the world. There’s just more supply than demand currently. If Saudi Arabia keeps pumping and exemptions to Iran stay in place, prices are going to stay low.”

The current surplus is largely attributed to a miscalculation between demand and output by major producers, including Iran. A strong dollar is also weighing on oil prices because it makes oil more expensive for much of the world. Oil prices tend to fall as a result.

Several companies have been shellacked by the price decline. Small- and medium-size independent oil companies that rely on fracking are seeing their profit margins erode, which is hurting stock prices. Newfield Exploration’s stock price is down 39 percent this year. PDC Energy shares are off about 30 percent. Oasis Petroleum is down 14 percent, and Apache Corp. has declined about 20 percent.

Benchmark Brent Crude and West Texas Intermediate both saw big price drops Tuesday, but rallied Wednesday despite a report that crude stockpiles rose by nearly 5 million barrels last week. West Texas Intermediate was up more than 3 percent at $55.29 at 1 p.m. Benchmark Brent was up 2.2 percent at $63.94. Both are down more than 20 percent from their highs in early October.

The magic number is $50 per barrel. Much below that and companies start really hurting.

Oil entrepreneur Harold Hamm of Continental Resources has been one industry executive Trump has relied on for advice.

In an interview in January, Hamm said that “I’m not thinking at all that we’ll see extreme prices in the future around $80 or $90 a barrel. That’s not in the interest of producers around the world. We’re not trying to do that, and OPEC’s not thinking that either. When you read their rationale, it’s based on a healthy market.”

Hamm said that break-even costs for U.S. shale oil producers were as low as $35 a barrel and some as high as $45 or $50.

“But initially when OPEC started to flood the market, they thought high-cost production meant $70 in a lot of these [geological] plays,” he said. “What they quickly found out was that that was really wrong. That number kept falling. They realized ‘these guys could complete with us.’ That’s when they had to reverse their tactics.”

Frank Verrastro, an oil expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said he anticipates more oil price volatility until the Dec. 6 meeting of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, where he believes the cartel will cut production as it searches for a price close to $80 a barrel.

In the meantime, he said, “money managers are waiting for an event that will catalyze a change in price, whether it is a supply disruption, a geopolitical event or news that demand is stronger than thought.”

Verrastro said the president has his mind on one thing: keeping oil prices low, which is a huge boost to consumers.

“The president is thinking, Happy Thanksgiving. I give you lower prices,” Verrastro said.

U.S. giants Chevron and ExxonMobile saw their shares climb Wednesday, but both are down about 10 percent in 2018.

Oil is a boom-and-bust business. The price drops when supply exceeds demand. Producers pull back and slow production as a result of the price squeeze. When demand exceeds supply, producers start drilling again and the cycle picks up again.

The United States is the world’s biggest oil consumer at about 21 million barrels a day of the 100 million barrels produced daily worldwide. It is also a top oil producer, thanks to the shale oil renaissance over the past half-de-cade.

Oil and gas represent about 7.6 percent of U.S. gross domestic product. Low prices have a salutary effect across the economy, including moderating the rate of inflation. By helping to keep inflation low, low oil prices can stem the rise of interest rates, including for mortgages and auto purchases.

Oil prices dove quickly Tuesday on Trump’s endorsement of strong ties to oil swing producer Saudi Arabia, the de facto OPEC leader under fire for the October killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, a contributing columnist for The Washington Post.

Saudi Arabia’s willingness to maintain production is crucial to keeping oil prices low and the president happy. The oil giant was contemplating a cut in production at the December OPEC and non-OPEC meeting, which could raise prices.

Trump has repeatedly tried to insert himself into key economic decisions made by others, and has been particularly incensed about interest rates and oil prices. He believes low interest rates and low oil prices will help boost the economy, though he often dismisses concerns that White House interference in these decisions could distort markets.

For months, Trump pressured OPEC to lower oil prices, even jawboning the coalition on Twitter.

“Looks like OPEC is at it again,” he wrote. “With record amounts of Oil all over the place, including the fully loaded ships at sea, Oil prices are artificially Very High! No good and will not be accepted!”

Trump has imposed severe economic sanctions against Iran, which limit the ability of other countries to buy Iran’s oil. The move was expected to drive up oil prices, which would make it more costly for consumers and businesses, but oil prices have stayed low in recent months.

In a move that limited the impact of the Iran sanctions on oil prices, however, the White House gave temporary waivers to eight countries that allowed them to keep buying Iranian petroleum, at least for a little while.

This week, Trump’s comments came as part of a strident defense he has made regarding his relationship with Saudi Arabia, dismissing assessments from U.S. intelligence agencies that top Saudi leaders were involved in the killing of Khashoggi.

Last year, Trump praised the economy’s performance, particularly the run-up of the stock market. As the market has hit turbulence, however, Trump has found other things to highlight.

Energy has been one of the hardest-hit sectors in the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index, thanks largely to the decline in oil. The sector slipped 3.29 percent Tuesday, the steepest of all 11 sectors.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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Donald Trump Thanks Saudi Arabia For Lower Oil Prices Amid Pressure

The focus on oil prices is one strand of Trump’s argument against punishing the US ally.

Washington, United States: 

US President Donald Trump on Wednesday ignored criticism that he gave Saudi Arabia a free pass on the murder of a dissident journalist, instead praising the Islamic kingdom for keeping oil prices low.

Trump, on holiday at his Florida Mar-a-Lago Club, doubled down on an unusually worded statement from Tuesday that he was essentially ignoring the killing of Jamal Khashoggi because of what he said were more important US strategic and commercial interests.

“Oil prices getting lower. Great! Like a big Tax Cut for America and the World. Enjoy! $54, was just $82,” he tweeted. “Thank you to Saudi Arabia, but let’s go lower!”

The fulsome praise for Saudi Arabia’s help in maintaining cheap oil built on comments he made Tuesday at the White House, saying that “if we broke with them, I think your oil prices would go through the roof.”

“They’ve helped me keep them down,” he said.

Guns and money

The focus on oil prices is one strand of Trump’s argument against punishing the US ally for Khashoggi’s death, even though the CIA reportedly found strong evidence that de facto Saudi leader, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, was involved.

Khashoggi, a US resident who wrote for The Washington Post and had been critical of Prince Mohammed, was lured to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on October 2, killed and reportedly dismembered.

After lengthy denials, Saudi authorities admitted responsibility and said 21 people had been taken into custody. However, a CIA analysis leaked to the US media went further, reportedly pointing the finger at Prince Mohammed, who has especially close contacts with the Trump White House.

In a formal statement Tuesday — released just after nearly the entire White House press corps had left to cover the lighthearted annual ritual of the president sparing a turkey from the Thanksgiving table — Trump said the prince “could very well be” in on the crime.

But he then went on to flatly reject any suggestion of punishing the Saudi leader, saying Washington “intends to remain a steadfast partner.”

Trump’s reasoning was that Saudi Arabia and the United States are partners in opposing Iran and the Saudis have committed to $450 billion in weapons contracts and other investments, as well as being a major oil producer.

“Very simply it is called America first!” Trump concluded.

This was in contrast to previously stated positions where Trump promised a tough response, warning in an October interview with The Wall Street Journal, for example, that the US-Saudi relationship “would take a while to rebuild.”

‘Crazy’ prince

Trump’s posture has provoked rare dissension among the ranks of senior Republicans.

Senator Lindsey Graham said on Fox News that Prince Mohammed is “crazy.”

“It’s not too much to ask an ally not to butcher a guy in a consulate,” he said. 

And Senator Bob Corker, the Republican leader of the foreign relations committee, tweeted scathingly: “I never thought I’d see the day a White House would moonlight as a public relations firm for the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia.”

Corker and the senior Democrat on the committee, Bob Menendez, demanded that the Trump administration issue a clear statement on whether Prince Mohammed was involved.

Another prominent Republican, Senator Rand Paul, added “Let’s put America first, not Saudi Arabia,” while Khashoggi’s old employer the Post said in an editorial that Trump’s position meant “a world where dictators know they can murder their critics and suffer no consequences.”

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pushed back in a radio interview Wednesday, saying: “We are going to make sure that America always stands for human rights. We’ve watched the Saudis actually move in that direction during our time in office as well.

“It’s not an unblemished record, but there certainly have been steps forward.”

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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US Targets Iran-Russia Network Over Oil Sent To Syria

Since 2014, vessels with Iran oil have switched off transponders to conceal deliveries to Syria. (File)


The United States has moved to disrupt an Iranian-Russian network that sent millions of barrels of oil to Syria and hundreds of millions of dollars to indirectly fund terrorist groups Hamas and Hezbollah.

The complicated arrangement, described by the US Treasury in a statement yesterday, involved a Syrian citizen using his Russia-based company to ship Iranian oil to Syria with the aid of a Russian state-owned company.

Syria then helped transfer hundreds of millions of dollars in cash to Hezbollah, which functions as a political party that is part of the Lebanese government and as a terrorist group, as well as to Hamas, the Palestinian group that rules the Gaza Strip.

Since 2014, vessels carrying Iranian oil have switched off transponders to conceal deliveries to Syria, the Treasury Department said, adding it, the State Department and the US Coast Guard had issued an advisory to the maritime community about the sanctions risks of shipping oil to Syria’s government.

The alleged arrangement shows how Russia has sought to undercut US policy toward Syria, where Washington and Moscow back opposite sides of a civil war that began in 2011, as well as toward Iran, which the United States wants to curb its nuclear and missile programs and support for terrorist proxies.

“Today we are acting against a complex scheme Iran and Russia have used to bolster the (Syrian President Bashar al-) Assad regime and generate funds for Iranian malign activity,” US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement announcing sanctions on those it said were tied to the network.

“Central Bank of Iran officials continue to exploit the international financial system,” he added.

Richard Nephew, a sanctions expert at Columbia University, said: “The arrangement exposes Russia’s efforts to support Assad for their own interests, which has the function of thwarting the U.S. desire to no longer have Assad in power.”

Those targeted include Syrian Mohammad Amer Alchwiki and his Russia-based company Global Vision Group, which were central to the delivery of Iranian oil to Syria and the transfer of funds to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ Quds Force’s “lethal proxies”, the Treasury Department said in a statement.

Other targets include Syrian national Hajji Abd Al-Nasir, Lebanon national Muhammad Qasim Al-Bazzal and Russian national Andrey Dogaev, as well as Iranian nationals Rasoul Sajjad and Hossein Yaghoubi Miab, the statement said.

Sajjad and Yaghoubi, Central Bank of Iran officials, worked to facilitate Alchwiki’s transfers, it said.

Others sanctioned include state-owned Russian company Promsyrioimport, a subsidiary of the Russian Ministry of Energy, which the U.S. Treasury said had facilitated shipments of Iranian oil to Syria, as well as Mir Business Bank and Iran-based Tadbir Kish Medical and Pharmaceutical Company.

Russia will continue supplying oil to Syria in line with its agreement with Damascus despite pressure from the United States, RIA news agency quoted Oleg Morozov, a member of the Russian Federation Council, as saying late on Tuesday.

“The political defeat in Syria apparently prompts the United States to return to the idea of regime change in Damascus. Therefore, economic pressure through oil supply shutdown becomes a tool of the new economic war with Bashar Assad and indirectly with Moscow and Iran,” he said.

According to Morozov, Russia acts and will act “absolutely legally”.

“We have an agreement with Syria and therefore it’s up to us to decide what we supply and to whom. This will be our answer, (it is) much more effective than counter sanctions,” he added.

The Russian Energy Ministry, to which Promsyrioimport belongs, declined immediate comment.

The Treasury’s “designation” of the individuals and entities effectively cuts them off from the global financial system by blocking any of their assets under U.S. jurisdiction and in effect warning non-US institutions against dealing with them.

The United States is at odds with Britain, France and Germany as well as with Russia and China over US President Donald Trump’s May 8 decision to abandon the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, negotiated with the other world powers during Democratic President Barack Obama’s administration.

That agreement removed many US and other economic sanctions from Iran in return for Tehran’s commitment to curtail its nuclear program.

Trump restored US sanctions on November 5 and has threatened more action to stop its “outlaw” policies.

Iran, in turn, called Trump’s actions economic warfare and vowed to defy the sanctions. European powers that continue to back the nuclear deal said they opposed the reapplication of sanctions.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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Ready To Import More Gas And Oil From US, Says Indian Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale

India is expected to import about $4 billion of oil from the United States this year: Foreign secretary.


India’s foreign secretary Vijay Gokhale said on Wednesday the country is open to importing more oil and gas from the United States.

“We expressed our readiness to import more gas and more oil from United States as a way of expanding trade,” Gokhale told reporters on the sidelines of an Asian summit attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The United States early this month re-imposed sanctions against Iran’s oil exports to punish Tehran for its involvement in several Middle Eastern conflicts and curb its nuclear programmes.

But fearing a price spike, Washington granted a sanctions waiver to eight of the biggest buyers of Iran’s oil, including India.

India is expected to import about $4 billion of oil from the United States this year, Gokhale said.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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saudi arabia will reduce oil production

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India To Lease Out Padur Strategic Reserve Facility To Abu Dhabi National Oil Company ADNOC

ADNOC has a similar storage deal already at the Mangalore strategic storage in Karnataka.

New Delhi/Dubai: 

Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (ADNOC) has signed a preliminary agreement to use half of the Padur strategic reserve facility in India, which can store about 2.5 million tonnes or 18 million barrels of crude, the UAE firm said on Monday.

Officials of Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd (ISPRL) and ADNOC signed the memorandum of understanding in the presence of Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and ADNOC Chief Executive Sultan al-Jaber.

India, the world’s third biggest oil importer, is scouting for partners to fill the reserves and also to build new storage to hold oil reserves and to cut costs.

“It is our firm hope that we will be able to convert this framework agreement into a new mutually beneficial partnership that will create opportunities for ADNOC to increase deliveries of high-quality crude oil to India’s expanding energy market and help India meet its growing energy demand and safeguard its energy security,” the ADNOC CEO said in statement.

The announcement confirmed an earlier Reuters report.

India, which relies on oil imports for about 80 percent of its needs, has built underground emergency storage in three places to protect itself from any disruption. The reserves can hold 36.87 million barrels or about 9.5 days of average demand.

ADNOC, the only foreign company with a deal to store oil in India’s strategic reserves, has a similar storage deal already at the Mangalore strategic storage in Karnataka.

“This agreement reflects the strong bonds of cooperation between India and the UAE and provides a foundation for strengthening and expanding our strategic energy relationship,” Mr Pradhan said in the statement.

The agreement allows ADNOC to sell oil to local refiners but would give the government of India the first right to the oil held in the reserve in case of an emergency.

Mr Pradhan said earlier on Monday that India was also in talks with Saudi Arabia to store oil in Padur, after India’s cabinet approved a plan last week allowing foreign firms to store oil in the facility.

“Participation by foreign oil companies will significantly reduce budgetary support of government of India by more than 100 billion rupees ($1.38 billion) based on current prices,” Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad told a news conference last week.

The Padur site is about 5 km from the southwest coast and 40 km from Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd’s refinery.

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Government Says Examining Details Of US Exemptions On Buying Iran Oil


Government is examining the details of exemptions given to the country by the United States that will allow it to continue to buy Iranian crude oil, a foreign ministry spokesman said on Friday.

The United States on Monday re-imposed sanctions against Iran’s oil exports to punish Tehran for its involvement in several Middle Eastern conflicts. India is one of its biggest customers.

“We appreciate the U.S. government has taken into account our need for energy security,” said Raveesh Kumar. “India is a major importer of crude from Iran and it is very important for our energy security requirement.”

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Donald Trump Defends Exemptions To India, 7 Others From Iran Oil Sanctions


US President Donald Trump on Monday defended his decision to give temporary exemptions to eight countries, including India and China, from the ban on Iranian oil imports, saying it was done so to keep global oil prices down and avoid causing a shock to the market.

The US on Monday imposed “the toughest ever” sanctions on a defiant Iran aimed at altering the Iranian regime’s “behaviour”. The sanctions cover Iran’s banking and energy sectors and reinstate penalties for countries and companies in Europe, Asia and elsewhere that do not halt Iranian oil imports.

However, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that eight countries — India, China, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Turkey — were temporarily allowed to continue buying Iranian oil as they showed “significant reduction” in oil purchase from the Persian Gulf country.

“We have the toughest sanctions ever imposed. But on oil, we want to go a little bit slow because I don’t want to drive the oil prices in the world up,” President Trump told reporters at Joint Base Andrews outside Washington on Monday before leaving on a campaign trail for the mid-term polls.

He, however, emphasised that his effort to keep the oil prices down has nothing to do with Iran.

When asked about his decision to give temporary exemptions to eight countries from the ban on Iranian oil imports, President Trump said, “I’m not looking to be a great hero and bring it down to zero immediately. I could get the Iran oil down to zero immediately, but it would cause a shock to the market. I don’t want to lift oil prices.”

“If you notice, oil prices are going down very substantially, despite the fact that already half of their capacity is gone. But I don’t want to do that,” he said.

“I saw some people saying, ‘Oh, why aren’t you tougher on that?’ Well, the sanctions are very tough and I don’t want to lift the oil prices worldwide by clamping down 100 per cent. It will be gradual,” the US president said.

However, US’ Democratic Party leadership criticized Donald Trump for giving exemptions to some of the major Iranian oil importers.

House Democratic Whip Steny H Hoyer said, “Rather than achieving its stated goal of eliminating Iran’s oil exports altogether, the administration has issued ‘exemptions’ for major Iranian oil importers, allowing Iran to earn billions of dollars from oil sale.”

“These exemptions are premised on significant reductions of Iranian oil imports by countries such as China and Turkey when there is minimal evidence of such reductions. This waters down the integrity of sanctions and communicates to the rest of the world that others do not have to abide by the US restrictions,” he said.

Mr Hoyer alleged that by “tearing” up the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the Trump administration has isolated the United States and undermined the multilateral efforts to curb Iran’s “dangerous” behaviour.

Congressman Adam Schiff, the ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee, said by reinstating sanctions without justification, Donald Trump is pitting the US gainst European allies and increasing its reliance on Saudi Arabia at a time when that country is “implicated in a plot to assassinate” on foreign soil a journalist and its outspoken critic.

“The downside risks to this policy are manifold – it could cause Iran to restart its nuclear enrichment efforts, bringing us closer to a military confrontation,” he said.

Mr Schiff said, “The Trump administration’s unilateral re-imposition of these sanctions will also accelerate efforts to facilitate transactions through alternative financial channels that are not reachable by the US sanctions and into which we will have limited visibility.”

US National Security Advisor John Bolton claimed that the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran failed to “permanently block all paths to an Iranian nuclear bomb”.

“Further, its negotiators failed to secure any restrictions on Iran’s other destabilizing activities, including the regime’s ballistic missile development and proliferation,” he told a New York audience.

Democratic Senator Tom Udall, who is also a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said, “Led by people like John Bolton, who believe that we should bomb Iran, I fear the Trump administration is marching toward another catastrophic war in the Middle East.”

“This administration’s reckless withdrawal from the JCPOA has squandered our best opportunity to prevent a nuclear Iran, moving us closer to a military conflict that the American people don’t want – all while undercutting our most importance alliances abroad,” he said.

But Senator Bob Corker, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said the Trump administration deserves credit for re-imposing sanctions and dramatically reducing Iran’s oil exports and revenues.

Imposing maximal economic pressure on Iran is vital for getting Tehran back to the table, he said.

In May, President Trump had pulled the US out of the 2015 landmark JCPOA terming it as disastrous”. Under the Obama-era deal, involving five permanent members of the UN Security Council and Germany, Iran had agreed to stop its nuclear programme in exchange for relief from economic sanctions.

After the US’ withdrawal from the deal, Trump signed fresh sanctions against Iran, which claims its nuclear programme is peaceful and for civilian purpose.

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