Arvind Kejriwal’s Government Most Corrupt In History Of Delhi: BJP’s Manoj Tiwari


Two ministers in the Arvind Kejriwal government are facing I-T raids and corruption charges (File)

New Delhi: 

The BJP’s Delhi unit today alleged that the Arvind Kejriwal government is “the most corrupt” dispensation in the history of the city and demanded removal of its ministers who are facing graft charges.

Citing recent I-T raids at multiple premises of Delhi Transport Minister Kailash Gahlot, the BJP’s city unit chief Manoj Tiwari demanded that he and another minister Satyendar Jain, who is facing corruption charges, be sacked.

“The Kejriwal government is the most corrupt government in the history of Delhi. It would not be an exaggeration to say that Gahlot and Jain seemed to have left former Jharkhand chief minister Madhu Koda well behind in terms of corruption,” Mr Tiwari said in a statement.

Vijender Gupta, the BJP’s Leader of Opposition in the Delhi Assembly, said that Arvind Kejriwal should show the door to his “corrupt” ministers instead of defending them, as people were now “completely disenchanted” with its working. 

After I-T officials raided multiple premises linked to Mr Gahlot in connection with tax evasion charges on Wednesday morning, Arvind Kejriwal had demanded that Prime Minister Narendra Modi apologise to people for “constantly troubling” the Delhi government elected by them.





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Prithvi Shaw Makes History, Becomes Youngest Indian To Score Test Century On Debut


Prithvi Shaw made history on Thursday by becoming the youngest Indian to score a Test century on debut. Shaw, at 18 years and 329 days, reached the historic three-figure mark off just 99 balls against the Windies on Day 1 of the opening Test at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot. The previous record for the youngest half-centurion for India on debut was held by Abbas Ali Baig, who at the age of 20 years 131 days, scored a half-century against England in Manchester in 1959.

Meanwhile, Prithvi is also the third-fastest centurion on Test debut. India’s southpaw Shikhar Dhawan remains the fastest in this club with an 85-ball hundred against Australia in 2013 at the IS Bindra Stadium, Mohali. And West Indian cricketer Dwayne Smith (93 deliveries) pulled off the same feat against South Africa in Cape Town in 2004.

Prithvi, however, has also become the seventh-youngest Test centurion. Back in 2001, Bangladesh’s Mohammad Ashraful (17 years, 61 days) became the youngest ever to achieve this feat against Sri Lanka in Colombo. Next on the list is Pakistan’s Mushtaq Mohammad (17 years, 78 days), who pulled this off back in 1961 against India in Delhi. Sachin Tendulkar (17 years, 78 days), Zimbabwe’s Hamilton Masakadza (17 years, 352 days), Pakistan’s Imran Nazir (18 years, 154 days) and Saleem Malik (18 years, 323 days) are the rest of the batsmen in this elite club.

India captain Virat Kohli won the toss and elected to bat on a pitch with a green tinge. India got off to a nightmare start, losing KL Rahul for a duck in the very first over of the match. However, Shaw and Cheteshwar Pujara made sure there were no more trouble for India with the duo batting brilliantly to take India to 133 for one at lunch on Day 1.





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Australia’s D’Arcy Short Scripts History As He Hits Record Double Ton


Australia’s D’Arcy Short etched his name in the history books as he smashed 257 off 148 balls in a JLT Cup match, Australia’s domestic one-day competition, against Queensland at Hurstville Oval on Friday. By virtue of this double-hundred, he became the third highest run-scorer in List A. Surrey’s Ali Brown tops the list with 160-ball 268 against Glamorgan in June 2002. India’s opener Rohit Sharma is second on the list with 264 off 173 balls against Sri Lanka in November 2014. Short’s 257 was the highlight of the game as the next best run scored for Western Australia was by Marcus Stoinis (27). The double-ton coupled with Andrew Tye’s 6/46 helped Western Australia (387 all out) register a 116-run victory against Queensland (271 all out).

During his stay in the middle, Short pummelled a mind-blowing 23 sixes, a record in one-day cricket, and 15 boundaries at a strike rate of 173.64. The only other batsman to hit as many sixes in domestic level is Colin Munro of New Zealand, who achieved the feat in a first-class inning.

Short also became the fourth Australian player to score a double century in one-day cricket. He joined Ben Dunk, Phillip Hughes, and Travis Head.

Short surpassed Dunk’s score of 229, which was the highest score by an Australian, to register the highest score by an Australian in List A cricket.

The official Twitter handle of WACA Cricket took to Twitter to upload a photo of a cracked window pane, courtesy some lusty blow by the left-handed batsman.

Short, who came in to bat in the third over, started slowly but once he picked up the pace, it was impossible to stem the flow of runs.

His first fifty came off 57 balls but reached his century in another 26 balls. He reached his 150-run mark off 106 balls with six and 22 balls later he reached the coveted 200-run mark.

However, he was finally dismissed by Matthew Kuhnemann in the 46th over.





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Belgium, France Become First Joint Leaders In FIFA Rankings History


Belgium, who finished third in the FIFA World Cup in Russia, have joined world champions France as joint leaders of the FIFA world rankings released Thursday. It is the first time since the rankings were introduced in 1992 that the top spot has been shared. Roberto Martinez’s side moved up one place to top the ranking for the first time since 2015. In July this year, Didier Deschamps’ France defeated Croatia 4-2 in the final and lifted their second world title at the Luzhniki stadium in Moscow.

Belgium have notched up a pair of wins, including victory over Iceland in the inaugural Nations League competition to bring them level with the French, the team who beat them in the World Cup semi-finals.

The only other change in the top 10 sees Denmark drop below Spain into 10th place.

Germany, who fell from first to 15th place in August after their group stage exit from the World Cup, have moved up to 12th.

Outside of the top ten, two Nations League wins for Ukraine (29th, up six) over Czech Republic (47th, down three) and Slovakia (26th, unchanged) means that they are the month’s biggest movers, while Germany (12th, up three) have started to edge back towards a single-figure ranking after their World Cup debacle.

FIFA world rankings as of September 20

1. Belgium, France (1,729 pts), 3. Brazil (1,663), 4. Croatia (1,634), 5. Uruguay (1,632), 6. England (1,612), 7. Portugal (1,606), 8. Switzerland (1,598), 9. Spain (1,597), 10. Denmark (1,581).

 



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Google’s China Search Tool to Link Search History With Phone Number: Report


Google has developed a prototype of the censored search engine for China codenamed Dragonfly that links users’ search history to their personal phone numbers, the media reported. This means if security agencies were to obtain the search records from Google, individual people could easily be tracked and users seeking out information banned by the government could potentially be at risk of interrogation or detention, The Intercept reported on Saturday.

The Internet search giant is reportedly developing the Dragonfly browser especially for China, which would remove content deemed sensitive by the country’s ruling Communist Party regime, including information about political dissidents, free speech, democracy, human rights and peaceful protest.

According to sources familiar with the project, Dragonfly would be operated as part of a “joint venture” partnership with a company based in mainland China and people working for this venture would have the capability to update the blacklists of the search terms, the report added.

However, citing lack of corporate transparency on the project, seven Google employees, including former Google Senior Scientist Jack Poulson have resigned so far.

“I view our intent to capitulate to censorship and surveillance demands in exchange for access to the Chinese market as a forfeiture of our values and governmental negotiating position across the globe,” the report quoted Poulson as saying in his resignation letter.

Nearly 1,000 employees also signed an open letter asking the company to be transparent about the project and to create an ethical review process for it that includes rank-and-file employees, not just high-level executives.

Last week, 16 US lawmakers addressed Google CEO Sundar Pichai expressing “serious concerns” about Dragonfly demanding information about the company’s China plans, the report noted.

Dragonfly has also come under heavy criticism from a former Asia-Pacific head of the tech giant, who called it a “stupid move.”

Google had launched a search engine in China in 2006 but pulled the service out of the country in 2010, citing Chinese government efforts to limit free speech and block websites.

The company has so far declined to publicly address concerns about this project.



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Mo Farah Eyes History Bid In Great North Run


Mo Farah will have history in his sights on Sunday as the British star chases a record fifth Great North Run title. Victory in Newcastle this weekend will make Farah the first man to win the Great North Run five times. That would be the perfect preparation for the 35-year-old ahead of his appearance at the Chicago Marathon in October. After two years adapting to road racing following his epic track career, Farah admits he is still not the finished article. But the former Olympic champion is getting more confident by the day.

“I’m still learning and understanding more and I’m not afraid to mix it in,” Farah said. 

“In 2014, I was afraid to mix it because it was their territory and I was a track runner. But now I’m not afraid of anything.

“It’s a totally different challenge and I’m enjoying every day of it. My goal is to win a major marathon. 

“For a track runner the highlight is the Olympics, and in the marathon the biggest thing you can do is win a major race.”

The Great North Run is part of a busy period for Farah, who admitted his previous victories in the race have signalled the end of the season — a landmark he traditionally celebrates by eating his favourite sticky toffee pudding.

While the desserts are on hold, Farah, who has run the London Marathon twice, coming third in April, would relish the sweet taste of success on Tyneside.

“My aim (in Newcastle) is to run a decent time – I’ve still got another week from this point so it will be a good test for me on Sunday to see where I am and what I can do,” he said.

“I’ve never gone into this race having had this amount of training. I’ve always gone into it thinking – ‘Great North Run, finish, sticky toffee pudding’.

“But after this it’s straight back to my training camp in Flagstaff to prepare for Chicago.

“Doing that as the first five-time winner would be amazing.”

Farah’s biggest challenge is likely to come from Kenya’s Daniel Wanjiru, who won the London Marathon last year.



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Apple Pulls Adware Doctor From Mac App Store After It Was Found to Collect Browsing History


Apple has pulled Adware Doctor from the Mac App Store. The app, which was the top paid utility app on the App Store and was designed to “prevent malware and malicious files from infecting” Mac devices, was spotted sending user data to a server in China without explicitly gaining consent from users. Security researchers have confirmed the existence of the flaw that violates Apple’s policies. The app originally posed as Adware Medic and was the fifth top paid app overall on the Mac App Store.

Security researcher Patrick Wardle spotted that Adware Doctor collects sensitive user information from a Mac machine and then saves it in a password-protective file called history.zip. Once archived, the app uploads the file to a server based in China via “adscan.yelabapp.com”. While the archive is said to be password protective, Wardle was able to access the hardcoded password and found that the app collected browsing history from Chrome, Firefox, and Safari at the time of his testing.

It is worth pointing out here that the app does require user permissions to access home directory and files on the Mac device. However, it indeed doesn’t to access the home directory and files just to scan malware and allegedly exfiltrates user information to a source in China. This notably doesn’t violate the “sandboxing” protection that Mac apps have to restrict access to only those areas on which users have granted permissions to. Further, the Adware Doctor app is said to generate a log of the apps that you’ve installed on your system as well as records of their source.

Wardle conducted his research after a German security researcher, who tweets under pseudonym Privacy 1st, posted a video highlighting the security loophole. The researcher also contacted Apple about the flaw last month.

Apple confirmed to BuzzFeedNews about the removal of the Adware Doctor app from its Mac App Store. However, it didn’t reveal any details about the security breach.

At the time of filing the story, the Mac App Store wasn’t providing access to download Adware Doctor. Similarly, the given link to the Chinese server was inaccessible too.

Apple is implementing an enhanced sandboxing security in macOS 10.14 Mojave to overcome issues that come from apps such as Adware Doctor going forward. Moreover, the next macOS version is bringing protection to Safari history and cookies from apps to restrict access to user content even in the cases where users have granted access to areas such as the home directory.





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Supreme Court Explains History Of Section 377, Says It Was Based On Law By King Henry VIII In 1533


The Buggery Act, 1533, enacted by King Henry VIII, made gay sex punishable by death

New Delhi: 

The Supreme Court, which unanimously struck down part of the British-era law that criminalised gay sex, has traced the history of the 158-year-old provision in its judgement back to the reign of King Henry VIII in 1533.

A five-judge constitution bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justices RF Nariman, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and Indu Malohtra said that the Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) violated the constitutional right to equality and dignity.

Justices Nariman and Chandrachud, in their separate concurring judgements, dealt in detail about the evolution of the section as it exists in the present form. Justice Nariman said section 377 was modelled on the Britain’s Buggery Act of 1533 which was brought in by the then king Henry VIII which prohibited “the detestable and abominable offence” of buggery (anal intercourse) committed with mankind or beast.

The word “buggery” is derived from the old French word “bougre” and was taken to mean anal intercourse, Justice Chandrachud said in his judgement.

“The Buggery Act, 1533, which was enacted by Henry VIII, made the offence of buggery punishable by death, and continued to exist for nearly 300 years before it was repealed and replaced by the Offences against the Person Act, 1828. Buggery, however, remained a capital offence in England until 1861, one year after the enactment of the Indian Penal Code,” Justice Chandrachud said.

He explained that Section 377 was allowed to operate in Independent India as under Article 372 (1) “all laws in force prior to the commencement of the Constitution shall continue to be in force until altered or repealed”.

Justice Nariman said 8,921 men were indicted between 1806 and 1900 for “sodomy, gross indecency or other unnatural misdemeanours” in England and Wales. On an average, ninety men per year were indicted for homosexual offences during this period, he said.

“Most of the men convicted were imprisoned, but between 1806 and 1861, when the death penalty for sodomy was finally abolished, 404 men were sentenced to death. Fifty-six were executed, and the remainder were either imprisoned or transported to Australia for life,” he said.

Referring to the rule of East India Company in the country, Justice Nariman said the then Parliament had established the Indian Law Commission and in 1833, Thomas Babington Macaulay was appointed as its head.

Justice Nariman wrote that Lord Macaulay’s draft was substantially different from what was finally enacted as Section 377.

He wrote that even in the most “prudish of all periods of English history”, Lord Macaulay had recognised a lesser sentence for the crime of “unnatural lust”, if performed with consent.

After several reviews of the draft, the Commission concluded that the Draft Penal Code was sufficiently complete, and, with slight modifications, fit to be acted upon, noted Justice Nariman in his 96-page judgement.

“The revised edition of the Penal Code was then forwarded to the Judges of the Supreme Court at Calcutta in 1851, and also to the Judges of the Sudder Court at Calcutta.”

“A Council was formed with Bethune (the Legislative member of the Legislative Council of India), Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at Calcutta, Justice Buller, Justice Colvile, Sir Barnes Peacock as members to review the Penal Code,” Justice Nariman wrote.

He noted that it was the Committee of Peacock which finally sent the draft equivalent of Section 377 for enactment, said Justice Nariman.

After twenty-five years of revision, the Indian Penal Code or IPC entered into force on January 1, 1862. The IPC was the first codified criminal code in the British Empire.

Justice Nariman, who wrote a separate concurring verdict, referred to Irish poet Oscar Wilde and said his trial paved the way to consider the law and practice relating to homosexual offences in Victorian era England.
 





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Robot Boat Sails Into History by Finishing Atlantic Crossing


All summer, the small boat drifted steadily eastward across the churning North Atlantic until it neared the Irish coast, where it made history by becoming the first unmanned sailboat to cross the Atlantic.

The SB Met, built by Norwegian company Offshore Sensing AS, reached the finish line of the Microtransat Challenge for robotic boats on August 26, two and a half months after setting off from Newfoundland, according to preliminary data.

It’s a milestone that shows the technology for unmanned boats is robust enough to carry out extended missions that can dramatically cut costs for ocean research, border security, and surveillance in rough or remote waters. They’re part of wider efforts to develop autonomous marine vessels such as robotic ferries and cargo and container ships that could be operating by the end of the decade, outpacing attempts to commercialise self-driving cars.

“We’ve proved that it’s possible to do,” said David Peddie, CEO of Offshore Sensing, which created the oceangoing drones, known as Sailbuoys. “The North Atlantic is one of the toughest areas to cross” and completing the challenge “really proves that it’s a long endurance vehicle for pretty much any condition the sea can throw at you,” he said.

Under the Microtransat’s rules, boats up to 2.4 meters (2.6 yards) long can sail between Europe and the Caribbean or North America and Ireland. They must regularly transmit location data.

The Sailbuoy competed in the “unmanned” class, which allows operators to change its course along the way. There’s a separate “autonomous” class that prohibits any such communication.

While self-driving cars have to contend with pedestrians and other traffic, autonomous boats face storms that bring fierce gales and high waves as well as numerous seaborne hazards.

More than 20 previous attempts by various teams to complete the Microtransat since it began in 2010 have ended in failure, with robot boats caught in fishing nets, retrieved by ships, or lost, according to the race website. Peddie said his biggest fear was that a passing boat would pick up the two-meter, 60 kilograms (130 pounds) vessel as it neared the finish.

The company is in a niche field with few other players. US startup Saildrone is building a fleet of seven-meter “unmanned surface vehicles” that can spend up to 12 months gathering ocean data. Liquid Robotics , owned by Boeing, makes the Wave Glider, a research platform that uses wave rather than wind power for propulsion.

Bigger unmanned ships are coming, too, and the International Maritime Organisation is reviewing the safety, security and environmental implications.

Offshore Sensing has built 14 Sailbuoys, which have a surfboard-shaped deck covered in solar panels that power the onboard technology and a rigid trapezoidal sail mounted near the bow that propels the vessel. In company videos, it looks like a toy tossed about by waves and passing ships, making its achievement all the more unlikely.

Peddie says robotic sailboats offer important advantages. Unlike drifting buoys, they can loiter in one place, and they’re nimbler and cheaper than research vessels.

“These vehicles can do stuff which you cannot do with a traditional vehicle, especially in dangerous areas,” such as a hurricane’s path, Peddie said.

Sailbuoys can be fitted with sensors to measure waves, ocean salinity and oxygen levels; echo sounders to look for fish eggs and larvae; or transmitters to communicate with undersea equipment. They sell for about EUR 150,000 ($175,000), similar to the cost of renting a research vessel for a few days.

“The great advantage is that you can collect an awful lot of data for very low cost,” Peddie said.

A spinoff contest, the annual World Robot Sailing Championship held late Aug. in the English port city of Southampton, also showcased robotic sailing technology.

Teams from British, French, Finnish and Chinese universities put their machines to the test in a series of challenges including collision avoidance and area scanning, in which vessels have to cover as much of an area as possible.

Self-sailing boats operate on similar principles to self-driving cars. They use sensors to scan their surroundings and feed the data to an artificial intelligence system that gives instructions to the vehicle.

A team from France’s ENSTA Bretagne graduate engineering research institute dominated the first challenge, a race around a triangle-shaped course, with their sleek, angular fluorescent-green carbon fibre boat. Servo winches controlled the two transparent plastic sails and the rudder as wind, GPS and compass sensors fed readings to an onboard computer.

Others didn’t fare so well. One of the two Chinese teams couldn’t stop their boat from being pushed way off course by the strong tide.

“Other ships are thin and long. Ours is too wide and fat,” said Hou Chunxiao of the Shanghai Jiaotong University team, a joint collaboration between students and staff from a maritime company run by their thesis supervisor.

Smaller and lighter electronics, better solar panels, 3D printing and other technological advances are making it easier to build self-sailing boats, competitors said.

“We talk more about autonomous cars or drones, but sailboats are also a big thing,” said Ulysse Vautier, of the Plymouth University team. “There’s so much to discover on the ocean. With the environmental and ecological problems we face today,” autonomous sailing boats are an energy-efficient way to do ocean research, Vautier said, adding that future uses could include swarms of sailing drones scanning the sea floor for the missing Malaysian Airlines flight MH370.

Until Sailbuoy’s achievement, the only unmanned watercraft to cross the Atlantic previously was a battery-powered underwater glider in 2009. Now, more milestones are quickly looming on the horizon line after its feat, said Colin Sauze, the Microtransat’s coordinator. A team from Canada’s Dalhousie University is making progress in achieving a trans-Atlantic crossing under the “autonomous” rules, when the boat’s direction is not adjusted remotely during the trip.

And there will be new variations of the contest to come.

Now, Sauze said, “the challenge is to do it faster, cheaper and do it with a smaller boat.”



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Vasundhara Raje’s Poll Strategy Has An Eye On History


Auwa, Rajasthan: 

With state elections slated for later this year, Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje is busy campaigning through the desert terrain of western Rajasthan.

But along with holding election meetings, Ms Raje has an interesting political strategy, that of invoking and commemorating historical incidents of Rajasthan. The chief minister will be inaugurating 54 memorials dedicated to local heroes, folk deities and even those who have local stories of valour and courage like Panna Dhai in Mewar.

“Rajasthan was built of the 22 states of Rajputana that came together, so their history must be celebrated and remembered,” said chief minister Raje.

There is a deliberate political strategy behind recalling local history, which so far has not been a part of mainstream narrative. In a village called Auwa, she inaugurated a memorial of heroes of the 1857 mutiny, who have so far gone unrecognized. The move comes with an eye on the crucial Rajput vote bank in western Rajasthan.  

“Auwa was ignored as after Independence they were associated with the feudal lords, they were not a vote bank the dispensation wanted to cater to. So it is this point of view of looking upon people as vote banks that led to them being ignored. But they are national heroes and must be recognized,” said Onkar Singh Lakhawat, the chairman of the Heritage Development Board, who is spearheading the work on commemorations of local histories.

But ironically, for the BJP this too has a political significance. In the case of Auwa, the revolt was led by the Rajput chieftains. And the BJP hopes this commemoration will have a ripple effect on other voters as well.

“Today we all feel a sense of pride,” said a local villager after the inauguration of the memorial.

The shift in the Rajput vote had cost the BJP dearly in the by-elections where the party lost all three seats – two Lok Sabha and one Vidhan Sabha – in February. The BJP is now trying to reach out to the Rajput voters, by recalling their contribution in history.

With the battle for Rajasthan neck-and-neck so far, the BJP cannot afford to let go of this traditional vote bank that’s about 9 to 11 per cent of the population and impacts about 50 to 60 seats in the state.





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