Karnataka Nuclear Reactor Sets Global Record, “Major Feat,” Says PM Modi

The Kaiga nuclear complex is not bereft of controversies.

New Delhi: 

In a major accomplishment for India’s Department of Atomic Energy, the 220 MW nuclear reactor at Kaiga in Karnataka has completed a continuous run of 941 days to become the world’s longest running reactor without a shutdown in this marathon run.

The earlier record of 940 days of continuous operation was held by a British reactor called Heysham-2, Unit-8 reactor, which set the benchmark in 2016.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called it a ‘major feat’ saying it was another world record by Indian scientists and engineers.

Applauding the efforts, PM Modi tweeted, “Congratulations to all those associated with India’s nuclear energy programme. Their untiring efforts have enhanced India’s progress. The nation is proud of them.”

During the stint, the indigenously designed Kaiga-1 nuclear power unit has been under continuous operation from May 13, 2016, and has generated revenues of Rs 1,500 crore.

The twin Indian made units of Kaiga 1 and 2 were started in 2000 at a total cost of Rs 2,800 crore.

According to India’s Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), “this landmark demonstrates the excellence in design, construction, safety, quality and operation and maintenance practices of India.”

This achievement comes on the back of extended technology denial and sanctions that the Indian nuclear establishment lived under after testing atom bombs in 1974 and in 1998 at Pokharan.

It was the culmination of the Indo-US Civilian Nuclear Deal that led to lifting of sanctions on India’s atomic establishment.

The Kaiga nuclear complex is not bereft of controversies. When it was set up many environmentalists protested against locating the atomic complex amidst the verdant forests.

In 2009 it faced its worst crisis when an ‘insider’ poisoned the water cooler within the secure nuclear island by adding radioactive tritium to the drinking water.

Several workers were exposed to this radioactivity and even after a lot of investigation, till last reports, the person responsible had not been nailed down.

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Tata Motors Group’s Global Sales Falls By 7% In November 2018

The Tata Motors Group global wholesales in November 2018, including Jaguar Land Rover, were at 1,04,964 units, lower by 7 per cent, as compared to November 2017.

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The Tata Motors Group posted a net loss of Rs. 1902.4 crore in the first quarter of FY2019.

It’s not been a great year for car manufacturers not only in India, but also across the world. While consumer sentiments changing is one aspect for this change, there’s been a lot of talk about a slump in sales of diesel powered cars and of course the hike in prices of crude oil globally. All this and the prevalent economic factors have had an impact on car sales and it’s reflected in the sales numbers of car manufacturers. The Tata Motors Group global wholesales in November 2018, including Jaguar Land Rover, were at 1,04,964 units, lower by 7 per cent, as compared to November 2017. In fact, it was in August this year that the Indian automaker reported a consolidated net loss of ₹ 1902.4 crore in the first quarter of FY2019.


The Range Rover Velar has received a good response from customers globally 


The company had posted a net profit of ₹ 3199 crore during the same quarter last year. The company announced that it was hit by losses at its UK subsidiary Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) and higher raw material costs. This is the company’s first quarterly loss in three years. The luxury brand reported a loss of 210 million Pounds (around ₹ 1900 crore) between April and June 2018, which was attributed to a number of factors primarily being the duty reduction in China last month, and diesel concerns in the UK and Europe.

2018 jaguar e pace

The E-Pace has been one of the front runners for Jaguar in terms of sales

On the commercial vehicles front, global wholesales for all Tata Motors’ vehicles and Tata Daewoo range in November 2018 stood at 38,535 units, lower by 6 per cent compared to November 2017. Global wholesales of all passenger vehicles in November 2018 were at 66,429 nos., lower by 7 per cent compared to November 2017.


Jaguar Land Rover sold 49,312 vehicles in November 2018 with Jaguar contributing to kitty with the sale of 15,114 units and Land Rover selling 34,198 vehicles. Sales in China for Jaguar Land Rover decreased by 49 percent because of the challenging market conditions amid tariff changes and continued trade tensions with the US.

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Tata Nexon Creates History With 5 Star Global NCAP Crash Test Rating

The subcompact Tata Nexon SUV has aimed for the stars quite literally! The Nexon has the maximum possible stars with a record-creating 5 star crash safety rating from Global NCAP. The Tata Nexon is the first made in India car from any manufacturer to achieve this.

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The Tata Nexon is the first ever India-made car to 5 star rating for NCAP Crash Tests

After scoring 4 stars in Global NCAP’s crash test in August this year, the Tata Nexon has made history by going the distance and becoming India’s first ever 5 Star car. The Nexon has achieved this by scoring 16.06 points out of a possible 17 – the highest as yet for any Indian made car. That this feat comes from an Indian manufacturer rather than a multinational is of significant importance. The car also underwent a side impact crash test, which is necessary to achieve this rating. Gunter Butschek, MD, Tata Motors told carandbike, “The Nexon achieving 5 stars at Global-NCAP is an exemplary achievement, and fortifies our intent for the future product portfolio.”

Watch Tata Nexon Getting 5 Stars In Global NCAP Crash Tests

Tata Nexon

Also Read: Tata Nexon Scores 4 Stars In Its First Global NCAP Crash Test

But what really helped the Tata Nexon to go from 4 to 5 stars? Alejandro Furas, Technical Director at Global NCAP explains, “The ABS, or anti-locking brakes, in a full channel version is a standard fitment for all the cars, so all the Nexon’s wheels have ABS in four channels. At the same time, the seat belt reminder was also now introduced by the manufacturer as a standard feature for driver and passenger side as well.” The Tata Nexon’s body shell and structure have remained unchanged since the August test, and it always had dual airbags as standard anyway. The car also retains its 3 star rating for child occupant safety.

8lktlago(The Tata Nexon scored 3 stars for child occupant safety)

Mayank Pareek, President, Passenger Vehicle Business Unit, Tata Motors says, “A few years back, nobody believed that safety would sell in India. However, today’s Indian customers have evolved and are better exposed to the international market. They are more conscious towards safety and have started putting vehicle safety amongst the top priorities of car purchase.”

38u45d4k(The Tata Nexon scored 16.06 points out of a possible 17)

The Tata Nexon’s earlier 4 and now 5 star rating is pushing other manufacturers into action too. And we now expect a flurry of 4 or 5 star cars from India. That is great news for the Indian industry and the Indian consumer – since these tests and results are more stringent than the newly mandated safety regulation implemented by the Indian government. “This car was entirely engineered in India and so it’s not like it required technical expertise from elsewhere. So it shows you what the Indian automobile industry is capable of. And the other thing to recognise, is that this is also the result of better crash test regulations from the Indian government. It’s a fantastic success story – a made in India success story around vehicle safety.” said David Ward, Secretary General, Global NCAP.

Also Read: Mahindra Marazzo Crash Test Results Out


Tata plans to keep pushing the safety agenda and wants all future cars to meet either 5 or a minimum 4 star safety rating. It is likely the next car to be tested will be the upcoming Harrier compact SUV, though Tata is also keen to showcase the build quality of its smaller cars like the Tiago and Tigor.

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Reaching for the Stars: Why Global NCAP Pushed Safer Cars For India Project

David Ward is the Secretary General of the Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP) and has been a witness to the sea change in the Indian vehicle safety compared to the first results released by Global NCAP in January 2014.

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The Tata Nexon is India’s first 5-Star Crash Rated car as certified by Global NCAP

The first ever five-star car for adult occupant protection is an historic milestone for road safety in India. Tata’s achievement of the coveted fifth star for the Nexon also shows the world that it is possible to ‘Make in India’ if you want excellence in safety engineering. And Mahindra’s first four-star result for the Marazzo shows that a good four-star result is now the new normal in Global NCAP’s Safer Cars for India Project.

This is a sea change for Indian vehicle safety compared with the first results released by Global NCAP in January 2014. Then zero stars was commonplace and the reaction from some in the global car industry was quite hostile. Andy Palmer, then Vice President of Nissan, complained that “people who criticise these cars for not meeting US or European crash standards are living in a dream world”. But things change and dreams come true. Today India is applying United Nation’s crash test and Tata has won the race for the first five-star car. A market for safer cars is growing fast in India and manufacturers are responding. And it is really impressive that Indian brands have grasped the opportunities more quickly than their international competitors.


Mahindra Marazzo has 4-Stars and the second highest overall score of all tested made in India cars. It is now India’s first MPV to get a high score.  

This experience shows that the combination of government regulation and consumer information is the winning formula for improved vehicle safety. Global NCAP salutes the actions of the Indian Government to mandate front and side impact standards for new models since 2017 and all cars in production by October next year. In addition, a pedestrian protection regulation is now being applied to new models and to all new cars by 2020. In September at our Global NCAP World Congress in Delhi, the Government also confirmed its commitment to regulate the life-saving crash avoidance technologies, electronic stability control and autonomous emergency braking from 2021. These very positive steps have been combined with important action to promote motorcycle safety by mandating anti-lock brakes and automatic headlights on.


The first round of tests had five made in India cars tested. All came back with zero stars. It included the Maruti Alto 800, Tata Nano, Hyundai i10, Ford Figo and VW Polo. Polo then improved its rating to 4 Stars

Since 2014, it is clear that Global NCAP’s crash tests have succeeded in raising consumer awareness of safety in India. We know now that safety sells. For example, the best-selling version of the Renault Kwid today is the version with an optional airbag. This is in marked contrast to 2014 when some industry representatives argued that there was no market for airbags in the country at all. That is why it is so important that car buyers can obtain crash ratings that will help them to choose the safest car they can afford. With help from our partners Bloomberg Philanthropies, the FIA Foundation, and the Institute for Road Traffic Education, Global NCAP will continue the Safer Cars for India project and encourage the development of a permanent Indian New Car Assessment Programme (INCAP). A permanent INCAP test programme is needed to ensure the widest possible coverage of new models coming into the Indian automotive market which is now the fourth largest in the world.


The Toyota Etios family joined the VW Polo and Tata Zest to also earn 4 Stars. These were the exceptions, with most cars of the 32 crashed to date getting zero stars.

I would also like to pay tribute to the outstanding contribution to the Safer Cars For India project played by Siddharth Vinayak Patankar and NDTV carandbike. From the very first results launch in 2014 to the first five-star car in 2018, CNB has given the inside story on our crash tests and championed improved car safety in India. Their dedication to objective reporting and their commitment to road safety is a superb combination that truly serves the interests of the Indian people. Both CNB and Global NCAP share the mission to make Indian roads much safer. Of course, vehicle safety is just one part of the very large road injury prevention challenge India faces. Action is needed on all fronts including better road design, enforcement, traffic management and safer vehicles. Nevertheless, it is great to see India, its government, and its manufacturers now reaching for the stars in vehicle safety, Four years ago we were dismissed as dreamers but today we can see how dreams become a reality.




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Mahindra Marazzo Gets 4 Star Crash Rating From Global NCAP

The recently launched new Mahindra Marazzo MPV has become the safest car in its class, with a high 4 star crash rating in the latest round of India crash tests by Global NCAP. It’s now also the 2nd highest car by overall score amongst all 32 India-made models tested by Global NCAP so far.

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Mahindra Marazzo came with ABS, dual airbags, seatbelt reminder for driver & co-driver as standard

The Mahindra Marazzo has become the first-ever made in India MPV or multi-purpose vehicle to get a 4 star crash safety rating from Global NCAP. The Indian company has been working very hard to implement a new safety ethos in its manufacturing, and the Marazzo is the first vehicle to display this intent. carandbike had exclusive access to the test as always. The Mahindra Marazzo has all the safety equipment as standard, and this includes ABS, dual airbags, and even the front passenger and driver seatbelt reminder. Rajan Wadhera, President – Automotive Sector, M&M told carandbike, “This is a proud moment for Mahindra as the 4 star rating for Adult Occupation Protection reiterates our commitment towards safety. We have designed the Marazzo with many new safety features to ensure a safe ride for our customers. With Safety being at the forefront for all our vehicles, I am sure that this recognition will spur us to achieve higher safety parameters for our entire range of vehicles”.

Mahindra Marazzo Crash Test Video

Mahindra Marazzo
iq6kjr7(The crash tested Mahindra Marazzo came with dual airbags, ABS and seatbelt reminder as standard)

The Mahindra Marazzo has received 4 stars for adult front occupant protection and also scored 2 stars for child occupant protection. This is also the highest score for any Mahindra car as well, and also higher than any other Indian made MPV tested so far by Global NCAP. The Renault Lodgy, Chevrolet Enjoy, and Maruti Suzuki Eeco had all failed their respective tests. The Honda Mobilio had also previously received zero stars, but a subsequent retest with dual airbags being made standard had resulted in a 3 star rating.

Also Read: Tata Nexon Creates History With 5 Star Global NCAP Crash Test Rating


(The Mahindra Marazzo underwent a frontal offset crash test at 64 kmph, and received 4 stars for adult occupant safety)

The Marazzo was jointly developed by Mahindra R&D in Chennai and the Mahindra Automotive North America (MANA) development centre. Representatives from both were present to witness this test. Mahindra would be proud, as this result now sets the foundation for its future products. Sources within the company say Mahindra will always aim for 4 or 5 stars and no lower for any upcoming models. The company’s next launch will be a subcompact SUV codenamed S201.

Also Read: Mahindra Marazzo Prices To Increase From January 1, 2019

ulbog0us(Global NCAP had the Marazzo shipped in from India a few days earlier for the crash test)


Global NCAP had the car shipped in from India a few days earlier. And it underwent a frontal offset crash test at 64 kmph – the Global NCAP test protocol – at the ADAC crash test lab near Munich, Germany. This is more stringent than the new crash norms being implemented by the Indian government, which will see cars needing a 56 kmph test. At first glance, the Marazzo appeared to have done well. Good structural integrity was visually evident, due to the lack of any deforming of the A-pillar and of any perceptible intrusions into the cabin. The analysis that was carried out in the subsequent days, presented the strong result.

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Global NCAP Crash Tests: How India-Made Cars Have Fared Over The Years

With the Tata Nexon becoming the first ever India-made car to score a 5-star rating, we look back at the journey of India-made cars at the Global NCAP crash tests since the first model was crash-tested in late 2013.

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The Tata Nexon is the first ever India-made car to 5 star rating for NCAP Crash Tests

It was in 2014 that Global New Car Assessment Programme or GNCAP launched the “Safer Cars for India” campaign in a bid to promote safer vehicles to be sold in the country. Between 2014 and 2018 Global NCAP has crash tested about 32 India-made cars and has made safety assessments for these as well. Over the last four years, this has played an important role and prompted manufacturers to make safer cars in India, which meet global standards. Sure, for the most part, 19 out of the 32 cars tested, have scored zero stars but the Indian automotive industry is slowly beginning to make safer cars and offer better active and passive safety equipment as standard and even as options.

0d4fn8s(Here is a list of all India-made cars which have been crash tested by Global NCAP since 2014)

Also Read: Tata Nexon First India-Made Car To Get 5-Stars At Global NCAP Crash Tests

One of the first ever India-made cars to be crash tested was coincidentally a Tata, the Nano and needless to say, it did not have ABS, nor did it get airbags and the chassis structure was unstable to put it mildly. In 2014 Volkswagen decided to offer the Polo in India with twin airbags as standard, moving the protection level of this model from a high-risk of life threatening injuries at zero stars, to four (out of five) stars for adult occupant protection. The Toyota Etios too was one of the first cars to get 4 stars, when tested in February 2016.

o1so092s(The Mahindra Marazzo too became the first India-made MPV to get a 4 Star rating)

Also Read: Mahindra Marazzo Gets 4 Stars In Latest Round Of Global NCAP Crash Tests

Cars such as Renault Lodgy, Chevrolet Enjoy, and Maruti Suzuki Eeco too failed their respective crash tests. The Honda Mobilio had also received zero stars when it was tested first. But Honda started offering the Mobilio with dual airbags being made standard which led to the car getting 3 stars. More recently, it was the Mahindra Marazzo that got a 4 star rating at the latest round of global NCAP crash tests, becoming the first ever India-made MPV to do so.

Also Read: Toyota Etios Gets 4 Stars In Global NCAP Crash Tests

The Renault Kwid has been tested 4 times and only in the fourth round did it manage to get a single star rating. The Maruti Suzuki Swift too scored two stars in its second round of tests but the Vitara Brezza scored 4 stars in its first crash test, confirming that Maruti is more than capable of making safer cars.

Also Read: Maruti Suzuki Vitara Brezza Scored 4 Stars In Global NCAP Crash Tests

As far as crash tests are concerned, the government mandated law such as the US NCAP, Latin NCAP, Euro NCAP are less stringent than the Global NCAP crash tests. For starters, the Bharat New Vehicle Assessment Programme or BNVAP which will be mandated from next year will need new vehicles to be crash tested at 56 kmph. The Global NCAP conducts its crash tests at a higher speed of 64 kmph and therefore, it is commendable that India-made cars are getting a good score in Global NCAP crash tests.

eanc889s(Maruti Suzuki Vitara Brezza Scored 4 Stars in its GNCAP Crash Test)


One of the companies worth mentioning is Tata Motors. As mentioned earlier, its first ever model to be crash tested, the Nano, led the company to receive a lot of flak. But since then, the company has come a long way. Following Nexon‘s four star results earlier this year, Tata has improved a number of safety features including making a Seat Belt Reminder for driver and passenger a standard for all variants of the model. In addition the Nexon was required to pass a side impact test meeting UN95 side impact protection requirements, which it did and scored five stars for adult occupant protection and three stars for child occupant protection. The Tata Zest too has a 4 star rating from Global NCAP and this goes on to show that Tata is committed to making safer, stronger cars for India in future.

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Nokia 8.1 India Launch Expected as HMD Global Reschedules Event to December 10

Nokia 8.1, which was earlier expected to be unveiled in India on December 6, will now likely make an appearance on December 10. HMD Global has sent out revised invites for an event later this month announcing the change of dates. Since the invite was last sent, HMD Global has officially launched the Nokia 7.1 in India, which means the as-yet announced Nokia 8.1 is likely to be the star at the India launch event on December 10.

Earlier this week, HMD Global sent out invites for an event in New Delhi on December 6. Though there was no official word from the company, it was largely expected that the event will see Nokia 8.1 and Nokia 7.1 unveiled for the Indian markets. But on Friday, HMD announced the India launch of the Nokia 7.1 via a press release.

Nokia 8.1, of course, is the as-yet unannounced phone, the successor to last year’s Nokia 8. The phone is expected to be announced — possibly alongside the budget Nokia 2.1 Plus, with a small chance that the hotly anticipated Nokia 9 may also make an appearance.

Nokia 8.1 price in India and specifications

According to earlier reports, the Nokia 8.1 price in India might be set at Rs. 23,999 in India.

The Nokia 8.1 is said to be global variant of the Nokia X7, so their specifications should match. That would mean the Nokia 8.1 is expected to run a stock version of Android Pie out-of-the-box. It will sport a 6.18-inch full-HD+ display with an 18.7:9 aspect ratio and 2.5D curved glass. The handset will be powered by an octa-core Qualcomm Snapdragon 710 SoC, paired with 4GB/ 6GB of LPDDR4X RAM and 64GB/ 128GB of inbuilt storage. Storage on the Nokia 8.1 might be expandable via microSD card (up to 400GB).

In terms of optics, the Nokia 8.1 is expected to sport a dual rear camera setup with a primary 12-megapixel sensor and a secondary 13-megapixel sensor. On the front, the handset will bear a 20-megapixel selfie camera with f/2.0 aperture and fixed focus. There will most likely be a 3,500mAh battery under the hood of the Nokia 8.1, with support for 18W fast charging.

Nokia 7.1 price in India and specifications

On Friday, HMD revealed Nokia 7.1 price in India is being set at Rs. 19,999 for its 4GB RAM/ 64GB inbuilt storage variant, and the phone will go on sale in the country from December 7.

The dual-SIM (Nano) Nokia 7.1 runs Android Oreo, based on the Android One programme, with an update to Android 9.0 Pie arriving over-the-air for buyers in India. It sports a 5.84-inch full-HD+ (1080×2280 pixels) PureDisplay panel with a 19:9 aspect ratio, HDR10 support, and Corning Gorilla Glass 3 protection. The handset is powered by a Qualcomm Snapdragon 636 SoC, paired with 4GB of RAM.

In terms of optics, the Nokia 7.1 bears a vertically aligned pair of dual rear camera setup that consists of a 12-megapixel primary sensor, with autofocus and f/1.8 aperture, and a 5-megapixel secondary sensor with fixed focus and f/2.4 aperture. The company is also touting two-phase detection and Zeiss optics for the rear camera setup, apart from EIS. On the front, the handset sports an 8-megapixel fixed focus sensor with f/2.0 aperture and 84-degree field-of-view. There is 64GB of inbuilt storage, expandable via microSD card (up to 400GB).

Connectivity options on the Nokia 7.1 include 4G LTE, Wi-Fi 802.11ac, Bluetooth v5.0, GPS/ A-GPS, GLONASS, NFC, USB Type-C, and a 3.5mm headphone jack. Sensors onboard the smartphone include accelerometer, ambient light sensor, electronic compass, gyroscope, proximity sensor, and a rear-mounted fingerprint sensor. Dimensions are 149.7×71.19×7.99mm and weight is 159 grams. There is a 3,060mAh non-removable battery under the hood with 18W fast charging, delivering 50 percent charge in 30 minutes.

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Global Wearable Device Sales to Reach 225 Million in 2019: Gartner

Global shipments of wearable devices will reach 225 million in 2019 – an increase of 25.8 percent from 2018, market research firm Gartner said on Friday.

Spending by end-users on wearable devices is forecast to reach $42 billion in 2019. Of that, $16.2 billion will be on smartwatches alone.

“At the moment, the smartwatch market is bolstered by the relatively stable and higher average selling price (ASP) of the Apple Watch. But the overall ASP of smartwatches is expected to slowly decline from $221.99 in 2018 to $210 in 2022, due to lower-priced competitors,” Alan Antin, Senior Director, Gartner, said in a statement.

Seventy-four million smartwatches will be shipped in 2019, thus making smartwatches the top segment among all wearable device form factors.

“Traditional watch brands such as Fossil and Casio will gain market share by offering more style and choice in their portfolio than the technology brands. We think that fashion and traditional watch brands are likely to account for up to 20 percent of unit shipments by 2022,” added Antin.

By 2022, ear-worn devices or “hearables” shipments will take over as the top wearables segment, with 158 million units shipped compared to 115 million smartwatch shipments in 2022, the market research firm added.

Ear-worn devices, such as Apple AirPods and Plantronics’ BackBeat FIT, will account for more than 30 percent of all shipped wearables by 2022.

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Chinese Company Unveils First Satellite for Free Global Wi-Fi Service

A Chinese company has unveiled the first satellite in a constellation plan to provide free Wi-Fi service worldwide.

According to the company, LinkSure Network, the satellite will be launched from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in northwest China’s Gansu province next year and by 2020 there will be 10 satellites in space.

The constellation will have 272 satellites by 2026.

People can use their mobile phones to search for Internet services provided by the constellation and browse the Internet even in regions that telecom networks do not cover, said a report in China Daily.

Wang Jingying, CEO of LinkSure Network, said the company will invest CNY 3 billion ($431.4 million or roughly Rs. 3,000 crores) into the plan. She believes through different scenarios, applications and modes, the company could earn in the future, said the report.

By the end of 2017, there were still 3.9 billion people not connected to the Internet, according to data from the UN.

Currently, many foreign tech companies, including Google, SpaceX, OneWeb, and Telesat, have already unveiled plans to use satellites and balloons to provide free Internet access.

Earlier this month, SpaceX won US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approval to put 7,000 more of its Starlink Internet satellites into orbit. The SpaceX plan involves 12,000 satellites, meant to blanket the entire Earth with wireless Internet access.

The first test satellites in SpaceX’s Starlink programme were launched in February, and it won approval to launch its first 4,400 satellites the next month. The company has an initial goal to deploy 1,600 satellites in the next few years, but it has said that it could take more than six years to complete the full network.

Written with agency inputs

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India Can’t Achieve 2-Degree Reduction In Global Warming By 2030: Study

New Delhi: 

India will not be able to reduce global warming by 2 degrees Celsius by 2030 as envisaged in the landmark Paris Agreement due to gaps between the projections and the current policies of the government aimed at achieving it, according to a new report.

The 2016 Paris Agreement’s aim is to strengthen the global response to climate change by restricting the rise in global temperature this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

 The ‘Brown to Green Report’ has been compiled by Climate Transparency — a global partnership of 14 climate research organisations and NGOs from the majority of G20 countries, with many from emerging economies. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is the country partner for India.

The report draws on the latest emissions data from 2017 and covers 80 indicators on decarbonisation, climate policies, finance and vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.

Based on implemented policies, India’s green house gas emissions are expected to increase to a level of 4,469-4,570 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide by 2030.

The country will not be able to reduce global warming by 2 degrees Celsius by 2030 as envisaged in the Paris Agreement, due to gaps between the projections and the current policies of the government aimed at achieving it, the study said.

Its climate actions are judged to be ambitious. Its nationally-determined contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement is deemed to be within the range of an appropriate contribution from India to limiting warming to less than 2 degrees, the study said.

“This emission pathway is not compatible with a 2°C scenario. India’s sectoral policies are still falling short of being consistent with the Paris Agreement, but the country’s ambitious policy on renewable electricity is a promising sign.

“Particular highlights from India include its extremely ambitious 175 GW target for renewables capacity by 2022, its very high level of energy efficiency of the overall Indian economy, and new sector-specific policies such as the national cooling action plan,” it added.

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